adenyl


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ad·e·nyl

(ad'e-nil),
The radical or ion of adenine; often used for adenylyl, as in adenylosuccinic acid.

adenyl

/ad·e·nyl/ (ad´ĕ-nil)
1. the radical of adenine.
2. sometimes (incorrectly) used for adenylyl.

ad·e·nyl

(ad'ĕ-nil)
The radical or ion of adenine.

adenyl

(ad′ĕ-nil) [ aden- + -yl]
The radical C5H4N5; present in adenine.

adenyl cyclase

An enzyme that catalyzes the production of cyclic AMP (adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate) from ATP (adenosine triphosphate). It is present on most cell surfaces.
References in periodicals archive ?
Forskolin, one of these diterpenes, directly acts on adenyl cyclase and leads to increased intracellular levels of the second messenger cAMP.
2+] channel blockade results in modulation in the adenyl cyclase effectors system activated by [mu],-opioid receptor activation, leading to the suppression of opioid tolerance and restoration of super-sensitivity (Hurle et al.
The pathogenesis of FD involves somatic activating mutation of the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein in the bone marrow cells, resulting in locally increased stimulatory activity of adenyl cyclase and cAMP.
Bromocriptine is an ergot alkaloid derivative, structurally related to dopamine (1) Bromocriptine is a dopamine receptor agonist that inhibits prolactin secretion (2, 3, 4, 5) through the inhibition of adenyl cyclase activity (1) and is commonly used in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia, Parkinsonism and acromegaly (6,7).
Clopidogrel may block ADP-induced platelet aggregation via G protein activation and inhibition of adenyl cyclase or it may be totally independent from these factors.
In vitro studies show that opioids inhibit activation of adenyl cyclase (6) and also stimulate the formation of cGMP (7).
The pharmacologic effects of a beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist drugs stimulate adenyl cyclase to cyclic 3'5' adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP).
Cholera--The cholera enterotoxin produced by Vibrio cholerae stimulates adenyl cyclase, an intestinal enzyme that causes secretion of large volumes of watery fluid (as much as one L/hour).
Numerous enzymes, such as adenyl cyclase and protein kinase A involved in energy regulation, are upregulated by DHA.
Somatostatin receptors, an expanding gene family: cloning and functional characterisation of human SSTR3, a protein coupled to adenyl cyclase.
Epinephrine, a primary messenger acts by activating the adenyl cyclase system which catalyzes the synthesis of cyclic AMP from ATP.
Epinephrine activates the enzyme adenyl cyclase, which subsequently activates the phosphorylase enzyme system which, ultimately, converts glucose to glucose-6-phosphate (G6P).

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