adenovirus


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Related to adenovirus: Canine adenovirus

adenovirus

 [ad´ĕ-no-vi″rus]
any of a large group of viruses causing disease of the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva, and also present in latent infections in normal persons; many induce malignancy in certain species. Along with many rhinovirus subspecies and the picornaviruses, adenoviruses are among the causes of the common cold. adj., adj adenovi´ral.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs),
Adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival or A-P-C virus; any virus of the family Adenoviridae. More than 40 types are known to infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease (ARD), conjunctivitis, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC), gastroenteritis, hemorrhagic cystitis, and serious infections in neonates, including APC virus.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

/ad·e·no·vi·rus/ (ad´ĕ-no-vi″rus) any virus belonging to the family Adenoviridae.adenovi´ral
mammalian adenoviruses  Mastadenovirus.

adenovirus

(ăd′n-ō-vī′rəs)
n.
Any of a group of DNA-containing viruses that cause conjunctivitis and upper respiratory tract infections in humans.

ad′e·no·vi′ral adj.

adenovirus

[ad′ənōvī′rəs]
Etymology: Gk, aden + L, virus, poison
any one of the 49 medium-sized viruses of the Adenoviridae family, pathogenic to humans, that cause conjunctivitis, upper respiratory tract infection, cystitis, or GI infection. After the acute and symptomatic period of illness, the virus may persist in a latent stage in the tonsils, adenoids, and other lymphoid tissue. Compare rhinovirus. adenoviral, adj.

Adenovirus

A group of medium-sized (90–100 nm) non-enveloped icosahedral viruses, with a nucleocapsid surrounding a double-stranded DNA genome. Adenoviridae family has 5 genera, of which one, Mastadenovirus, contains 56 serotypes divided in 7 species (A to G) that infect humans, causing up to 10% of upper respiratory infections in children in developed nations. Clinical response to adenoviruses ranges from none to severe (e.g., with serotype 14). Recombinant forms of adenovirus are used as gene delivery vectors.

adenovirus

Any of a family of > 40 icosahedral–20-sided nonenveloped DNA viruses with a 36 kb genome, which has 'early' genes that encode regulatory proteins, and 'late' genes that encode structural proteins Gene therapy Adenovirus is '…particularly attractive as a vector (for gene therapy), as it can produce large amounts of highly purified recombinant virus, which efficiently infects differentiated cells'; the virus is engineered to ensure that it remains in the desired location by replacing the early genes with the genes of interest–eg, CFTR–cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene Virology Adenovirus can cause common cold, noninfluenzal acute respiratory disease, pneumonia, epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, acute febrile pharyngitis, acute hemorrhagic cystitis Diagnosis Indirect methods–antibodies; direct methods–adenovirus antigens by immune–antigen-antibody reactions; viral culture is too time-consuming to be practical. See EIA.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs)
Any virus of the family Adenoviridae. More than 40 types are known to infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease, conjunctivitis, gastroenteritis, hemorrhagic cystitis, and serous infections in neonates.
Synonym(s): adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival virus.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

One of a family of over 30 different DNA viruses which infects man, causing colds, sore throat, CONJUNCTIVITIS and sometimes PNEUMONIA and GASTROENTERITIS.

adenovirus

a type of virus responsible for several acute infections of the respiratory system. The name derives from the adenoid tissues, where the virus is often found.

Adenovirus

One type of virus that can cause upper respiratory tract infections.

adenovirus 

A DNA virus, composed of over 40 serotypes. Many serotypes cause ocular infection, including epidemic keratoconjunctivitis caused by serotypes 8, 19 and 37. Other infections include follicular conjunctivitis with or without pseudomembranes and epithelial keratitis. The adenovirus can be identified using, among others, conjunctival swabs for viral antigen. See acute conjunctivitis.

ad·e·no·vi·rus

(ad'ĕ-nō-vī'rŭs)
Adenoidal-pharyngeal-conjunctival or A-P-C virus; many types infect humans, causing upper respiratory symptoms, acute respiratory disease (ARD), conjunctivitis, and other diseases.
[G. adēn, gland, + virus]

adenovirus

a member of the family adenoviridae.

avian adenovirus types 1-11
cause respiratory or enteric disease, aplastic anemia, atrophy of bursa of Fabricius, egg-drop syndrome.
bovine adenovirus types 1-9
cause conjunctivitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, pneumoenteritis.
canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1)
causes infectious canine hepatitis.
canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2)
is a cause of kennel cough (tracheobronchitis).
equine adenovirus type 1
causes pneumonia, the most severe form being primary, severe combined immunodeficiency disease of Arab foals.
equine adenovirus type 2
associated with enteric infections.
ovine adenovirus types 1-5
cause mild respiratory and enteric diseases.
porcine adenovirus types 1-4
cause respiratory disease; type 4 causes diarrhea and/or meningitis.
turkey adenovirus
causes respiratory or enteric disease, marble spleen disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adenovirus type 11 is the most common serotype causing hemorrhagic cystitis and renal graft infection, but other types have also been implicated (3, 7-10).
Outbreak of acute respiratory disease caused by human adenovirus type 7 in a military training camp in Shaanxi, China.
Mice lacking the toll-like receptor 9 molecule, which acts as a pathogen DNA-sensing molecule within the cell, developed clinical inflammation upon adenovirus infection similar to wild type mice.
When we called other hospitals in the Portland area, we almost fell out of our chairs because they all had seen recent severe and fatal cases of adenovirus," Dr.
In contrast to adenovirus and AAV vectors, which produce exogenous transgene expression in most instances, retroviral vectors integrate the transgene DNA into the host genome and are thus a promising candidate for curative treatment.
Figures from the Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health show 684 positive tests for adenovirus in 2001, and 644 in 2000.
The doctors implanted into neutralized adenovirus vectors the genes of an enzyme which helps reinforce the effect of an antivirus agent known to inhibit the growth of, and eventually kill, cancerous cells, according to the hospital.
Additional experiments revealed that when UTP was linked to an adenovirus vector, in vitro transfer of the reporter gene into human lung cells was successful.
OTCBB: ADVR) has announced that scientists from The Advanced Viral Research Institute have discovered that the company's flagship drug, "Product R," inhibits the growth of adenovirus in cell culture.
Critics of gene therapy fear it is being introduced too quickly and that the adenovirus itself can cause damage to patients.
These responses can be triggered by using an adenovirus to ferry gamma-interferon into animals before they become sick.