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Bacterial infections are the most common cause of suppurative cervical adenitis with staphylococcus aureus (S.
Two children presented with deterioration of pulmonary TB, 1 developed local adenitis and another abdominal adenitis.
This most frequently involves extension of infection from pharyngitis, tonsillitis and adenitis to the retropharyngeal space.
Yersinia enterocolitica is a gram-negative coccobacillus with worldwide distribution that commonly causes gastroenteritis and mesenteric adenitis in children and adolescents.
The differential diagnosis of a groin mass includes femoral hernia, hydrocele, inguinal adenitis, femoral adenitis, lymphoma, varicocele, ectopic testis, lipoma, haematoma, psoas abscess, metastatic neoplasm, epididymitis, testicular torsion and femoral artery aneurysm.
Infection caused by Salmonella arizona and source of bacterial culture (a) Type of infection Source of culture Abscess, hematoma and Tissue (5,6,29,32) aorta Adenitis Lymph node (1) Bacteremia, septicemia Blood (1,2,4,9-11,13,15-20,25,30,31,52, current) Empyema, pleural Pleural fluid (15) effusion Endophthalmitis Vitreous fluid (3) Gastroenteritis Stool (1,5,15,22-24,41, current) Meningitis Cerebrospinal fluid (25) Osteomyelitis Bone (7,16,26,27,29,39) Otitis media Ear drainage (28) Pericarditis Pericardial fluid (current) Peritonitis Peritoneal fluid (12,14,30) Pneumonia Sputum (5,15) Septic arthritis Synovial fluid (6,8,21,32) UTI, pyelonephritis Urine (5,8,32, current) (a) UTI, urinary tract infection.
In surgical specimens, caseous necrosis and necrotizing lymph adenitis characteristic of tuberculosis and yersiniosis were absent.
Newer diagnostic methods, including DNA sequencing, have identified cervical adenitis secondary to other slow-growing species (M.
BCG is also associated with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (BCG IRIS), which usually presents as ipsilateral suppurative or non-suppurative regional adenitis following initiation of HAART.
There are many other entities that need to be excluded, especially in females, such as diverticulitis, mesenteric adenitis, UTI, cervicitis, PID, ovarian torsion, ectopic pregnancy, and gastroenteritis.
4] Our case appeared to have a florid form of CSS lymphadenopathy characterized histologically as a reactive lymph node architecture with a mixed reactive pattern manifesting as well-formed circumferential granulomas, eosinophilic adenitis and angiitis, and florid follicular hyperplasia.