adaptive immune system


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Related to adaptive immune system: Innate immune system

adaptive immune system

n.
The component of the vertebrate immune system involving lymphocytes (B cells and T cells) containing a small number of genetically encoded proteins that combine to produce an enormous variety of proteins capable of recognizing and deactivating specific antigens.
References in periodicals archive ?
They are activated, for example, by lymphocytes of the adaptive immune systems, and they are crucial for combating larger parasites that cannot be phagocytosed, such as protozoans.
The problem with the adaptive immune system is that the first time it can take several days to get up to speed once it encounters a new antigen.
Placed near the first of several discussions on immunity, this laboratory can be used to introduce the innate immune system before moving to a discussion of the adaptive immune system.
This makes the virus almost invisible to the adaptive immune system, which explains why all attempts to develop an anti-HCV vaccine or therapy have failed.
offers this book for mathematicians based on lecture notes from a course he has given on mathematical methods in immunology, focusing on the battle between the HIV virus and the adaptive immune system and excluding discussion of the innate immune system and the role of inflammatory response and the topics of allergy and autoimmunity.
If the microbes outlast the innate system, the adaptive immune system springs into action.
Scientists often refer to the human immune system as having two parts: the innate and the adaptive immune system.
Nowadays there is no doubt any more about the effect of mistletoe extracts on immune reactions in vivo and in vitro, and it is clear that different antigens present in these extracts can modulate various cell types of the innate and the adaptive immune system.
Unlike the adaptive immune system, the innate immune system recognizes invaders on first exposure.
US-based Adaptive Biotechnologies, a specialist in combining sequencing and bioinformatics to profile T- and B-cell receptors of the adaptive immune system, has entered into a collaboration agreement with US-based biotechnology company Amgen to utilise Adaptive's NGS-based clonoSEQ Assay in the Phase 3 CANDOR study, sponsored by Amgen in collaboration with Janssen, comparing Kyprolis (carfilzomib), Darzalex (daratumumab), and dexamethasone with Kyrpolis and dexamethasone.
and Adaptive Biotechnologies Corporation have entered into a translational research collaboration to leverage next generation sequencing of the adaptive immune system to advance Pfizers growing immuno-oncology franchise.
It works with T cells and other components of the adaptive immune system to safeguard health.

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