While individuals with autism spectrum disorders have a wide variety of needs, difficulties with executive functioning are prominent, and are known to be associated with difficulties with adaptive functioning
and independence in adulthood.
Preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differed from each other in symptom severity and adaptive functioning
at the time of diagnosis, and some of these differences appeared to increase by age 6, according to a new study.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-V)  recommends that specifiers indicating the severity of intellectual disability be based on an individual's adaptive functioning
rather than an intelligence quotient (IQ) score, and supports this recommendation by indicating that adaptive functioning
determines the level of support an individual requires, and that IQ scores are less valid at the lower end of the IQ range.
During the 22 weeks of the study, children who received telemental health (TMH) improved significantly in ADHD inattention and hyperactivity, oppositional defiant disorder, school performance, and adaptive functioning
, based on the ratings provided by their parents.
differing standards for demonstrating adaptive functioning
Director of the Autism Program at Oregon Health Sciences University, used data exclusively from the ATN Registry to examine whether the presence of symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might have additional impact on the adaptive functioning
and quality of life of children and adolescents with ASD.
The Adult Functional Adaptive Behavior Scale (AFAES), which measures 14 areas of adaptive functioning
including speech, socialization and reality orientation, was also completed at the time of participant identification.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by marked and sustained social, behavioral and communication impairments that can impact every aspect of adaptive functioning
Help in what we call family adaptive functioning
is what we need to figure out in these cases.
The researchers also concluded that across all age groups, "being realistic about the past and future was associated with the most adaptive functioning
across a broad array of variables, including good health, a well-adjusted personality, supportive social relationships, high well-being and perceived control, and the absence of depression.
The results suggest high prevalence rates of Externalising and Internalising problems with demonstrated gains in terms of improved scores and adaptive functioning
at subsequent assessments as the children progressed in placements.
The CBCL assesses behavioural or maladaptive behaviours, competencies and adaptive functioning