acyl

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Related to acyl group: choline

acyl

 [a´sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid by removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group.

ac·yl

(as'il),
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

[ā′sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid via removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group. It is represented as R-CO-.

ac·yl

(as'il)
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

1. an organic radical derived from a fatty acid by removal of the hydroxyl group.
2. generic term for fatty acid groups.

acyl carrier protein
ACP; a carrier protein molecule which is part of the fatty acid synthesizing enzyme complex in non-mammalian systems and which carries acyl groups.
acyl CoA
thioester of coenzyme A and a fatty acid of unspecified, but usually more than 14 carbon length.
acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
lack of the first enzyme of beta-oxidation, acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a flavoprotein which catalyzes the removal of two hydrogens from the acyl chain.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the same time, it was noticed the importance of the presence of a hydroxyl group at C-8, as in penicillosides F and G, which are still active inspite of their less lipophilicity than pencillosides D and E with only one acyl group (benzoyl) which may be compensated with the prsence of a hydroxyl group at C-8.
The "family" of acylcarnitines analyzed by MS/MS include fatty acyl groups for saturated and unsaturated species ranging from the 2-carbon acetylcarnitine (C2) through the 20-carbon aliphatic groups (27).
In the second step, the acyl group is transferred to the acyl acceptor amine and the amine is linked to the glutamine residue via a peptide (isopeptide) bond.
In addition, L-carnitine has other roles such as buffering the ratio of acyl-CoA to CoA, branched chain amino acid metabolism, removal of excess acyl groups, and peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation (Hoppel, 2003; Steiber et al.