acyl


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acyl

 [a´sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid by removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group.

ac·yl

(as'il),
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

[ā′sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid via removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group. It is represented as R-CO-.

ac·yl

(as'il)
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

1. an organic radical derived from a fatty acid by removal of the hydroxyl group.
2. generic term for fatty acid groups.

acyl carrier protein
ACP; a carrier protein molecule which is part of the fatty acid synthesizing enzyme complex in non-mammalian systems and which carries acyl groups.
acyl CoA
thioester of coenzyme A and a fatty acid of unspecified, but usually more than 14 carbon length.
acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
lack of the first enzyme of beta-oxidation, acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a flavoprotein which catalyzes the removal of two hydrogens from the acyl chain.
References in periodicals archive ?
For lipase catalysed transesterification of (Z)-3-hexene-1-ol with vinyl acetate under conditions of irreversible acyl transfer produces a chromatogram of product mixtures along with their retention times is shown in Fig.
In the column, the lipid acyl hydrolase behaves as an acid protein (or negatively charged ion) while the protein buffer behaves as a salt (protonated form).
Effect of calcium concentration on textural properties of high and low acyl mixed gellan gels.
highly likely that, for example, 34-carbon acyl chain groups represent phospholipids with mismatched side chains, while 36-carbon acyl chain groups represent phospholipids with two 18-carbon (matched) side chains.
Peaks at m/z 74 and m/z 87 were obtained by cleavage at specific point by electron transfer and neutral loss at C-2 and C-3 from acyl group thereby generating the stable fragments of base peak (m/z 74) and second abundant peak m/z 87, respectively [Fig.
The acyl and benzyl analogs of coniferyl alcohol were prepared by its reaction with acyl chlorides and benzyl chloride in acetone in presence of K2CO3 under reflux overnight [7].
Induction of cytokine release by the acyl glucuronide of mycophenolic acid: A link to side effects?
Estolides from meadowfoam oil fatty acids and other monounsaturated acyl moieties in developing seeds.
Identification of a peroxisome proliferator-responsive element upstream of the human peroxisomal fatty acyl coenzyme A oxidase gene.
The decreased CE synthesis was associated with significantly decreased acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase gene expression and activity.
Since carnitine is a vehicle by which the acyl groups can leave the mitochondria and there is an equilibrium between acylcarnitines and their respective CoA thioesters, the analysis of carnitine and acylcarnitines in blood is approximately equivalent to the analysis of acyl-CoAs in the mitochondria.
The total fatty acid content and acyl composition of seed lipids was determined by gas chromatography (GC) of the fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) with either 15:0 or 17:0 free fatty acid added as an internal standard, as described previously (Taylor et al.