acyl


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acyl

 [a´sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid by removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group.

ac·yl

(as'il),
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

[ā′sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid via removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group. It is represented as R-CO-.

ac·yl

(as'il)
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

1. an organic radical derived from a fatty acid by removal of the hydroxyl group.
2. generic term for fatty acid groups.

acyl carrier protein
ACP; a carrier protein molecule which is part of the fatty acid synthesizing enzyme complex in non-mammalian systems and which carries acyl groups.
acyl CoA
thioester of coenzyme A and a fatty acid of unspecified, but usually more than 14 carbon length.
acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
lack of the first enzyme of beta-oxidation, acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a flavoprotein which catalyzes the removal of two hydrogens from the acyl chain.
References in periodicals archive ?
The acyl glucuronide of the immunosuppressant mycophenolic acid induces release of proinflammatory cytokines and TNF-alpha mRNA expression [Abstract].
Characterization, mRNA expression and regulation of [DELTA]6 fatty acyl desaturase (FADS2) by dietary n - 3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) levels in grouper larvae (Epinephelus coioides).
Special care is being taken to ensure that the CMVs adequately reflect gender equality and women's empowerment with a view to meeting women's practical needs and strategic interests in this sector," adds Acyl.
The following steps might occur sequentially in the hydrolysis of PC: (1) Binding of PC to Site I; (2) Transfer of the acyl group at sn-2 to the catalytic site and simultaneous binding of the resultant lysoPC to Site II; (3) Transfer of sn-2 acyl group to H2O; (4) Transfer of sn-1 acyl group to the catalytic site; (5) Transfer of sn-1 acyl group to H2O.
This enzyme has the ability to inactivate AHLs with different acyl chain lengths and substitutions at the C3 position, including N-butyryl-L-homoserine lactone (C4-HSL), 3-O-C6-HSL, 3-O-C8-HSL, and 3-O-C12-HSL (Dong et al.
However, in case of compounds 5-14, the presence of acyl group(s) and/or isopropylidene functionality at 2,3 position increases the bulk in the molecule.
High Anion Gap (37)###C3 Acyl Carnitine###50umol/L (N Less than 5)
The aim of this work was the assessment of free carnitine, total carnitine, acyl carnitine and acylcarnitine/free carnitine ratio in serum and urine of children with cystic fibrosis.
stewartii uses 3oxohexanoyl acyl carrier protein and SAdenosylL Methionine (SAM) as substrates to make 3oxohexanoyl homoserine lactone (AHL) autoinducers.
The enzymes located within the mitochondrial matrix are responsible for [beta]-oxidation ofthe medium- to shortchain acyl-CoA intermediates, including long-chain, medium-chain, and short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenases; a short-chain hydratase, also named crotonase; a medium-/short-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA-dehydrogenase; and both medium-chain and short-chain 3-keto acyl CoA thiolases (17).
2008), with recent evidence that des-acyl ghrelin inhibits acyl ghrelin (Kumar et al.
While the acyl chlorination is bypassed, the yield remains the same.