acyl


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

acyl

 [a´sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid by removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group.

ac·yl

(as'il),
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

[ā′sil]
an organic radical derived from an organic acid via removal of the hydroxyl group from the carboxyl group. It is represented as R-CO-.

ac·yl

(as'il)
An organic radical derived from an organic acid by the removal of the carboxylic hydroxyl group.

acyl

1. an organic radical derived from a fatty acid by removal of the hydroxyl group.
2. generic term for fatty acid groups.

acyl carrier protein
ACP; a carrier protein molecule which is part of the fatty acid synthesizing enzyme complex in non-mammalian systems and which carries acyl groups.
acyl CoA
thioester of coenzyme A and a fatty acid of unspecified, but usually more than 14 carbon length.
acyl CoA dehydrogenase deficiency
lack of the first enzyme of beta-oxidation, acyl CoA dehydrogenase, a flavoprotein which catalyzes the removal of two hydrogens from the acyl chain.
References in periodicals archive ?
A similar work by Yusof et al [3] did purify the patatin-like-protein (exhibits lipid acyl hydrolase activity) from C-serum of fresh latex by using 50 mM Tris-HCl buffer, pH 8 plus 5 mM 2- mercaptoethanol as the protein buffer.
It has to be noted that also the associative properties of the RO-CMC derivatives might be affected by the above mentioned composition and distribution of the acyl substituents.
The mixture of acyl steryl glycosides was isolated from the ethanolic extract of roots (3.
The acyl glucuronide metabolite of mycophenolic acid inhibits the proliferation of human mononuclear leukocytes.
The mouse peroxisome proliferator activated receptor recognizes a response element in the 5' flanking sequence of the rat acyl CoA oxidase gene.
Preliminary experiments have provided evidence for an unusual mechanism of modular polyketide synthase chain release in enacyloxin biosynthesis, involving intermolecular condensation of an acyl carrier protein (ACP)-bound thioester with the C-3 hydroxyl group of (1R, 3R, 4S)-3,4-dihydroxycyclohexane carboxylic acid (DHCCA).
The decreased CE synthesis was associated with significantly decreased acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase gene expression and activity.
a biotechnology company focused on the development of compounds for the treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic disease, announced today that preclinical data related to diacylglycerol acyl transferase - 1 (DGAT1) inhibitors will be presented in a poster presentation at the 69th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association June 6, 2009 in New Orleans, LA.
cite the finding of an inactive PP response element upstream of the acyl CoA oxidase gene in a sample human population (15) as additional evidence for why humans may be less responsive than rodents to PPs.
The Consortium Athero-Flux builds on FP7-generated large-scale lipidomics data showing that specific sphingolipids and in particular distinct ceramides with specific acyl chain lengths are better predictors of CV outcome than traditional risk factors such as low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol.
The gel comprises, in a cosmetically acceptable medium, at least one aqueous phase; at least one N-acylsarcosine where the acyl radical is a C10-C20 radical; at least one mineral or organic base in an amount sufficient to dissolve the N-acylsarcosine and produce a pH of 4 to 8; at least one alkylbetaine; at least one nonionic surfactant; and at least one self-foaming agent.
Both short and long chain acyl esters of DHEA and of 7-oxo-DHEA are active inducers of the liver enzymes when fed to rats.