acute pharyngitis


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acute pharyngitis

acute pharyngitis

Inflammation of the pharynx with pain in the throat.

Symptoms

Symptoms include malaise, fever, dysphagia, throat pain, and difficulty swallowing.

Patient care

Comfort measures for sore throat include gargling (e.g., with salty water), throat lozenges, or OTC topical anesthetics. Many patients benefit from rest, hydration, and analgesics. An appropriate antibiotic (if prescribed) is given when there is evidence of bacterial infection.

See also: pharyngitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: The prevalence of Group A beta haemolytic Streptococcus as a cause of acute pharyngitis was 25.
Numerous pharmaceutical agents that contain disinfectants, anti-inflammatory agents, and/or topical anesthetics have been approved for the local treatment of acute pharyngitis.
For the indications of acute bronchitis, acute pharyngitis, and otitis media, prescription rates among children decreased by 0.
Clinical and epidemiological features that suggest GAS as a causative agent of acute pharyngitis include sudden onset; pain on swallowing; fever; scarlet fever rash; headache; nausea; abdominal pain; tonsillopharyngeal erythema or exudates; palatal petechiae; a beefy, red, swollen uvula; tender, enlarged anterior cervical nodes; ages 5-15 years; presentation in winter or early spring; and a history of exposure.
Pediatric medicine patients presenting with acute pharyngitis or sinusitis were most frequently attended by PAs/NPs (23.
Bisno therefore takes "strong exception" to the guidelines for treating acute pharyngitis in adults endorsed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American College of Physicians, and the American Academy of Family Physicians (Ann.
This was believed to be a clinically important competence because group C streptococci are isolated from a significant number of individuals with acute pharyngitis, (3,4) are not associated with preventable secondary consequences such as rheumatic fever, and hence do not need to be treated with antibiotics.
For AFDC adults, they include acute pharyngitis, urinary tract infection, and essential hypertension.
Most cases of viral and bacterial acute pharyngitis are self-limiting, including those caused by GABHS, so the primary reason for considering antibiotic therapy is to prevent acute rheumatic fever (ARF).