acute idiopathic polyneuritis


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polyneuritis

 [pol″e-noo͡-ri´tis]
inflammation of many nerves simultaneously.
acute febrile polyneuritis (acute idiopathic polyneuritis) (acute infectious polyneuritis) (acute postinfectious polyneuritis) Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Guil·lain-Bar·ré syn·drome

(gē-yan[h]' bă-rā'),
an acute, immune-mediated disorder of peripheral nerves, spinal roots, and cranial nerves, commonly presenting as a rapidly progressive, areflexive, relatively symmetric ascending weakness of the limb, truncal, respiratory, pharyngeal, and facial musculature, with variable sensory and autonomic dysfunction; typically reaches its nadir within 2-3 weeks, followed initially by a plateau period of similar duration, and then subsequently by gradual but complete recovery in most cases. Guillain-Barré syndrome is often preceded by a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection and is associated with albuminocytologic dissociation of the cerebral spinal fluid. Although classically considered pathologically to be an acute, inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (q.v.), pure axon degeneration forms recently have been recognized.

acute idiopathic polyneuritis

acute idiopathic polyneuritis

Guillain-Barré syndrome, see there.

a·cute id·i·o·path·ic pol·y·neu·ri·tis

(ă-kyūt' id'ē-ō-path'ik pol'ē-nūr-ī'tis)
A neurologic syndrome, probably an immune-mediated disorder, often a sequela of certain virus infections, marked by paresthesia of the limbs and muscular weakness or a flaccid paralysis; the characteristic laboratory finding is increased protein in the cerebrospinal fluid without increase in cell count.

Guillain,

Georges, French neurologist, 1876-1961.
Guillain-Barré reflex - plantar flexion of the foot and toes elicited by tapping the sole near its outer edge. Synonym(s): aponeurotic reflex
Guillain-Barré syndrome - a syndrome marked by paresthesia of the limbs, muscular weakness or a flaccid paralysis, and increased protein in the cerebrospinal fluid without increase in cell count. Synonym(s): acute idiopathic polyneuritis
Landry-Guillain-Barré syndrome - Synonym(s): Landry syndrome

Landry,

Jean B.O., French physician, 1826-1865.
Landry-Guillain-Barré syndrome - Synonym(s): Landry syndrome
Landry paralysis - Synonym(s): Landry syndrome
Landry syndrome - marked by paresthesia of the limbs and muscular weakness or a flaccid paralysis. Synonym(s): acute idiopathic polyneuritis; Landry-Guillain-Barré syndrome; Landry paralysis
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