acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis


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conjunctivitis

 [kon-junk″tĭ-vi´tis]
inflammation of the conjunctiva; it may be caused by bacteria or a virus, or by allergic, chemical, or physical factors. Its infectious form (of bacterial or viral origin) is highly contagious. See also pinkeye.
acute contagious conjunctivitis a contagious inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by Haemophilus aegypticus; secretions must be handled with extreme care to prevent its spread. Popularly known as pinkeye.
acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis a highly contagious form due to infection with enteroviruses.
gonococcal conjunctivitis (gonorrheal conjunctivitis) a severe form caused by infection with gonococci, marked by greatly swollen conjunctivae and eyelids with a profuse purulent discharge. In newborns it is bilateral, acquired from an infected maternal vaginal passage. In adults it is usually unilateral and is acquired by autoinoculation into the eye of other gonococcal infections, such as urethritis, either in oneself or in another person. Called also gonorrheal ophthalmia.
inclusion conjunctivitis a type of conjunctivitis primarily affecting newborn infants, caused by a strain of Chlamydia trachomatis, beginning as an acute purulent form and leading to papillary hypertrophy of the palpebral conjunctiva.
neonatal conjunctivitis ophthalmia neonatorum.

a·cute hem·or·rhag·ic con·junc·ti·vi·tis

specific acute endemic conjunctivitis associated with eyelid swelling, tearing, conjunctival hemorrhages, and follicles; usually caused by Enterovirus type 70.

acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis

a highly contagious eye disease usually caused by enterovirus type 70 but also by coxsackie virus AZA. The disease is found primarily in densely populated humid areas, particularly developing countries or places with large immigrant populations. Clinical features include a sudden onset of severe ocular pain, blurred vision, photophobia, subconjunctival hemorrhage, chemosis, and a profuse watery discharge from the eye. Symptoms are caused by neutralizing antibodies to infection. A polymerase chain reaction analysis of conjunctival swab specimens from patients is a rapid method of identification of the infectious agent. Spontaneous improvement occurs within 2 to 4 days and is complete by 7 to 10 days. Management consists of hygienic measures and ophthalmic preparations.

a·cute hem·or·rhag·ic con·junc·ti·vi·tis

(ă-kyūt' hem'ŏr-aj'ik kŏn-jŭngk'ti-vī'tis)
Specific acute endemic conjunctivitis with eyelid swelling, tearing, conjunctival hemorrhages, and follicles; usually caused by enterovirus type 70.
Synonym(s): acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis

Apollo,

Greek god of the arts, archery, and divination.
Apollo disease - Synonym(s): acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis
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