acute disease

acute disease

a disease characterized by a relatively sudden onset of symptoms that are usually severe. An episode of acute disease results in recovery to a state comparable to the patient's condition of health and activity before the disease, in passage into a chronic phase, or in death. Examples are pneumonia and appendicitis. See also chronic disease.

Acute Illness

(1) Any illness that develops quickly, is intense or severe and lasts a relatively short period of time.
(2) Any condition—e.g., infection, trauma, fracture—with a short (often less than 1 month) clinical course. Acute illnesses usually respond to therapy; a return to a state of complete—pre-morbid—health is the norm.

acute disease

Epidemiology Any condition—eg infection, trauma, pregnancy, fracture, with a short, often < 1 month clinical course; ADs usually respond to therapy; a return to a state of complete–pre-morbid health is the rule. Cf Chronic disease.

a·cute dis·ease

(ă-kyūt' di-zēz')
Disorder with sudden onset and short duration of symptoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, farmers must be aware that there are cases of resistance to this product and they must check the status on their farm In contrast, there are reports of many instances where farmers are using adulticides in the autumn, which is adding to the instances of acute disease because immature flukes are not removed.
Students of university and college gave blood for saving the innocent children who are suffering from acute disease.
Additionally, in a platform presentation, researchers for the first time will share a new method using conventional brain MRI to automatically detect and characterise Slowly Evolving Lesions (SELs), which may represent a biomarker of chronic disease activity in the brain, versus the acute disease activity in MS lesions.
It is an acute disease that is characterized by sudden fever and painful headaches, stiffness in the neck, nausea, and sometimes causes sensitivity to light and may result in a skin rash.
In the present report, clinical and pathological findings are provided for 7 mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) and one Canada goose (Branta canadensis) that developed acute disease and either died or were killed humanely.
Anthrax is an acute disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
For those with chronic or acute disease, the recommendation increases to 1.
Within that group, researchers found only 25 patients had received any vaccine in the six weeks before the onset of Guillain-Barre, an acute disease that results in destruction of a nerve's myelin sheath and peripheral nerves.
4) In general, analysis of acute disease patterns and the distribution of mortality across the acute care continuum is a crucial part of identifying the preventive and training initiatives most likely to impact on outcomes.
Dr Vickers said: "Cattle rarely show signs of acute fluke disease, therefore unless acute disease is suspected or diagnosed, a flukicide with activity against late immature/adult fluke stages (closantel, clorsulon, nitroxynil) may be selected, especially for treatments given in the late autumn/winter months.
Unless acute disease is suspected or diagnosed in cattle, a flukicide that acts against late immature and adult fluke stages should be selected, such as closantel, clorsulon or nitroxynil, for treatment in the autumn and winter months.

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