cor

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Related to acute cor pulmonale: wallerian degeneration, acute coronary syndrome, chronic cor pulmonale

cor

 [kor] (L.)
cor adipo´sum a heart that has undergone fatty degeneration or that has an accumulation of fat around it.
cor bovi´num a greatly enlarged heart resulting from a hypertrophied left ventricle.
cor pulmona´le a serious cardiac condition in which there is right ventricular heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension secondary to disease of the blood vessels of the lungs. Acute cor pulmonale is an emergency situation arising from a sudden dilatation of the right ventricle as a result of pulmonary embolism. Chronic cor pulmonale develops gradually and is associated with such chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases as emphysema, silicosis, and pulmonary fibrosis following an infection. These conditions impair pulmonary circulation and thus create a “damming” effect on the blood flowing through the pulmonary artery. This in turn slows down the flow of blood from the right ventricle, and the ventricle becomes hypertrophied and dilated.

Signs and symptoms are similar to those of congestive heart failure from other causes: dyspnea, edema of the lower extremities, enlargement of the liver, and distention of neck veins. The hematocrit is increased as the body attempts to compensate for impaired circulation by producing more erythrocytes.
Treatment. Treatment may involve use of drugs to decrease pulmonary vascular resistance, pulmonary embolectomy, or even lung transplantation. More traditional treatments have included administration of bronchodilators and use of a mechanical ventilator to reduce hypoxia and dyspnea. For treatment of the heart failure, see heart failure.

heart

(hart), [TA]
A hollow muscular organ that receives the blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries. In mammals it is divided by a musculomembranous septum into two halves-right or venous and left or arterial-each of which consists of a receiving chamber (atrium) and an ejecting chamber (ventricle).
Synonym(s): cor [TA], coeur
[A.S. heorte]

cor

(kor) [L.] heart.
acute cor pulmonale  acute overload of the right ventricle due to pulmonary hypertension, usually due to acute pulmonary embolism.
cor adipo´sum  fatty heart (2).
cor bilocula´re  a two-chambered heart with one atrium and one ventricle, and a common atrioventricular valve, due to failure of formation of the interatrial and interventricular septa.
cor bovi´num  a greatly enlarged heart resulting from a hypertrophied or dilated left ventricle.
chronic cor pulmonale  heart disease due to pulmonary hypertension secondary to disease of the lung or its blood vessels, with hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
cor triatria´tum  a heart with three atrial chambers, the pulmonary veins emptying into an accessory chamber above the true left atrium and communicating with it by a small opening.
cor trilocula´re  three-chambered heart.
cor trilocula´re biatria´tum  a three-chambered heart with two atria communicating, by the tricuspid and mitral valves, with a single ventricle.
cor trilocula´re biventricula´re  a three-chambered heart with one atrium and two ventricles.

cor

[kôr]
1 the heart.
2 relating to the heart.

COR

Abbreviation for:
Capital Out-turn & Receipts return (Medspeak-UK)
centre of rotation
cervico-ocular reflex
conditioned orientation reflex
coronary
cortex
cortisone
corticosterone
custodian of records

heart

(hahrt) [TA]
A hollow muscular organ that receives the blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries. It is divided by a musculomembranous septum into two halves (right or venous and left or arterial) each of which consists of a receiving chamber (atrium) and an ejecting chamber (ventricle).
Synonym(s): cor [TA] , coeur.
[A.S. heorte]

cor

The heart.

cor

[L.] cordis. See also heart.

cor adiposum
a heart that has undergone fatty degeneration or that has an accumulation of fat around it.
cor biloculare
congenital defect with only two chambers in the heart.
cor bovinum
a greatly enlarged heart due to a hypertrophied left ventricle, an inappropriate term when said of cattle.
cor pulmonale
right ventricular heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension secondary to disease of blood vessels of the lung; usually chronic and due to COPD or heartworm disease. Clinical signs are those of right-sided congestive heart failure.
cor rugosum
see cor villosum (below).
cor triatriatum dexter
a rare congenital anomaly in which the right atrium is divided into two chambers by a persistence of the right sinus venosus valve resulting in obstruction of venous return.
cor triatriatum sinister
a rare congenital heart defect in which the left atrium is divided into two distinct chambers by a fibromuscular membrane.
cor triloculare
a congenital defect of a heart with three chambers, which may be one atrium or one ventricle.
cor villosum
means hairy heart; when the epicardium is covered with shaggy fibrinous tags as a result of chronic pericarditis.
References in periodicals archive ?
We describe a patient with TCC of the bladder who had acute cor pulmonale due to microscopic pulmonary tumor embolism and died within a few hours.
Our patient had acute cor pulmonale due to tumor cell microemboli to the small pulmonary blood vessels.
4,5) Most patients have subacute cor pulmonale with onset of symptoms over a few weeks, and acute cor pulmonale is a rare manifestation.
Acute cor pulmonale development over a few hours is an extremely rare manifestation of microscopic tumor embolism, (2) and few similar cases have been reported.
Odeh M, Oliven A, Misselevitch I, et al: Acute cor pulmonale due to tumor cell microemboli.
Acute cor pulmonale resulting from pulmonary embolism: its clinical recognition.

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