acute cholecystitis

a·cute cho·le·cys·ti·tis

inflammation and/or hemorrhagic necrosis, with variable infection, ulceration, and neutrophilic infiltration of the gallbladder wall; usually resulting from impaction of a stone in the cystic duct.

acute cholecystitis

acute cholecystitis

Acute inflammation of the gallbladder.

Clinical finding
Right upper quadrant pain, variable severity, sudden onset, rigidity and rebound tenderness with peritonitis, nausea, vomiting, constipation, fever, slow pulse, Murphy sign; spontaneous remission is not uncommon.
 
Imaging
Stones by ultrasound, plain films, CT.
 
Management
Cholecystectomy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acute cholecystitis (AC) is severe inflammation of the gallbladder (GB) with intense abdominal pain dominating the clinical presentation.
Symptoms include upper abdomen pain, fever and a rapid heartbeat, and around one in seven people with acute cholecystitis will also get jaundice - yellowing of the skin and eyes - dark brown urine and itching.
8) Although cases of acute cholecystitis have been associated with this disease in some medical literature, (23-26) it is not well described as part of the Q fever diagnosis.
The aim of our study was the liberation of specific peptides by bioregulatory acetate extraction from the wall of the inflamed gallbladder removal of the patients who are sick with acute cholecystitis abscess and the study of their effects on hemostasis on experimental rabbits.
Gallbladder perforation (GP) is one of the most severe complications of acute cholecystitis and is associated with a mortality of up to 70% (1).
The CT scan revealed findings consistent with acute cholecystitis --specifically, distention and wall thickening of the gallbladder and pericholecystic fluid (Figure 1).
The Palestinian Prisoner Society (PPS) said in a statement that prisoner Lena Jarboni suffers from acute cholecystitis but she only receives painkillers, while Nawal Sdi, from Jenin, suffers high blood pressure and severe back pain.
Already CE marked and used in rapidly growing numbers is the next-generation HOT AXIOS, which incorporates cautery into the delivery of the AXIOS stent and is currently used in Europe for the treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts, acute cholecystitis and biliary obstruction.
Ultrasound is the initial imaging technique of choice in patients with suspected acute cholecystitis.
The clinical diagnosis of choledocholithiasis associated with acute cholecystitis and a renal tumour were established.
Other differential diagnosis like perforated viscus, especially peptic ulcer, acute cholecystitis and biliary colic, acute intestinal obstruction, mesenteric vascular occlusion, renal colic and dissecting aortic aneurysm were ruled out as the abdominal pain of patient was non-coliky, and imaging modalities like USG and CT scan ruled out these possibilities providing no evidence of gall-bladder wall inflammation, multiple air fluid levels in abdomen, renal stone or any aneurysmal growth over aorta.
sakazakii from purulent sputum samples), and acute cholecystitis in 1.

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