Specifically, the curriculum design process systematically applied sociocultural and activity theory
in the needs analysis phase, in the multilevel framework, and in the design of individual units, tasks, and courses in order to enhance connections with real-world communities of practice.
Now they have found activity theory
to be a tool for understanding the complexity of technology in higher education.
Researchers have recently begun investigating content area literacy from the perspective of activity theory
(Russell, 1997; Van Den Broeck & Kremer, 2000), and researchers investigating reading comprehension have used activity theory
to look at how certain tools have shaped the comprehension of texts (Bean, 2001; Smagorinsky & O'Donnel-Allen, 1998).
This example of the routine activity theory
and the previous one of the culturalist approach both show that if words are not used carefully, they can mislead us into adopting the positivist viewpoint.
Here, situated perspectives on learning are prominent, where learners are viewed as individual agents integrated within their social world, learning by participation in communities of practice, coupled with activity theory
, where activity systems interact with one another to bring about change from within.
Situational prevention also draws from three approaches within Criminology: Routine Activity Theory
, Crime Pattern Theory, and the Rational Choice Perspective.
is a framework for research on teacher learning that holds promise for studying interactions among preservice teacher experiences, knowledge, and practice: It focuses on the interaction of human activity and cognition within relevant environmental contexts (Jonassen & Rohrer-Murphy, 1999; Leont'ev, 1981).
Sixteen articles by experts in neuroergonmics, systems engineering and informatics discuss contemporary scholarship in the fields of activity theory
(AT), applied activity theory
and systemic-structural activity theory
is another philosophical framework by which we can understand how people learn.
Tobar could also have revealed more of the divides that exist in the Spanish-speaking immigrant experience by including cultural-historical activity theory
(Roth & Lee, 2007), in which the concept of contradiction is closely related to the notion of paradox as it applies to "the apparent disjunction between individual learners with other learners and their social environments" (Roth & Lee, 2007, p.
The most salient feature of activity theory
is in its unit of analysis.
incorporates the notions of intentionality, history, mediation, motivation, understanding, culture and community into design.