the throat; the musculomembranous cavity, about 5 inches (12.5 cm) long, behind the nasal cavities, mouth, and larynx, communicating with them and with the esophagus. It includes many individual structures and may be divided into three areas: the nasopharynx
(center, behind the mouth), and laryngopharynx
(bottom). The nasopharynx, connected with the nasal cavities, provides a passage for air during breathing and contains the openings of the eustachian tubes through which air enters the middle ear. The oropharynx and laryngopharynx provide passageways for both air and food. The pharynx also functions as a resonating organ in speech.
The pharynx is separated from the mouth by the soft palate and its fleshy V-shaped extension or flap, the uvula
, which hangs from the top of the back of the mouth, above the root of the tongue. In swallowing, the uvula lifts up, closing off the nasopharynx as food passes from the mouth through the lower parts of the pharynx to the esophagus. On each side of the entrance to the pharynx from the mouth, and behind the nasal passage, are the tonsils
, masses of lymphoid tissue.
pha·ryn·ges (far'ingks, fă-rin'jis, fă-rin'jēz), [TA] Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciatoin pharnyx. Do not confuse this word with fornix.
The superior expanded portion of the alimentary tract, between the mouth and nasal cavities (superiorly and anteriorly) and the esophagus (inferiorly); consisting of nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx, the first two being shared with the respiratory tract; the pharnyx is distinct from the rest of the alimentary tract in being composed exclusively of voluntary skeletal muscle arranged in outer circular and inner longitudinal layers.
[Mod. L. fr. G. pharynx (pharyng-), the throat, the joint opening of the gullet and windpipe]
pharynx /phar·ynx/ (far´inks) the throat; the musculomembranous cavity behind the nasal cavities, mouth, and larynx, communicating with them and with the esophagus.
Pharynx, divided into the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.
n. pl. pharynges (fə-rĭn′jēz)
The section of the digestive tract that extends from the mouth and nasal cavities to the larynx, where it becomes continuous with the esophagus.
[fer′inks] pl. pharynxes, pharynges
the throat, a tubular structure about 13 cm long that extends from the base of the skull to the esophagus and is situated immediately in front of the cervical vertebrae. The pharynx serves as a passageway for the respiratory and digestive tracts and changes shape to allow the formation of various vowel sounds. The pharynx is composed of muscle, is lined with mucous membrane, and is divided into the nasopharynx, the oropharynx, and the laryngopharynx. It contains the openings of the right and left auditory tubes, the openings of the two posterior nares, the fauces, the opening into the larynx, and the opening into the esophagus. It also contains the pharyngeal tonsils, the palatine tonsils, and the lingual tonsils. Also called throat
. See also larynx
phar·ynx, pl. pharynges (far'ingks, fă-rin'jēz) [TA]
The upper expanded portion of the digestive tube, between the esophagus below and the mouth and nasal cavities above and in front.
pharynx the canal leading from the mouth to the oesophagus in vertebrates. In humans, the upper pharynx includes the nasal section divided off by the soft palate and the lower pharynx which includes the mouth and throat. In protochordates it is that part of the gut system into which the gill slits open internally.
The pharynx is the part of the throat that lies between the mouth and the larynx or voice box.
phar·ynx, pl. pharynges (far'ingks, fă-rin'jēz) [TA]
Superior expanded portion of alimentary tract, between mouth and nasal cavities (superiorly and anteriorly) and esophagus (inferiorly); consisting of nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.
n a funnel-shaped tube of muscle tissue between the oral cavity and nares and the esophagus, which is the common pathway for food and air. The nasopharynx lies above the level of the soft palate. The oropharynx lies between the superior edge of the epiglottis and the soft palate, whereas the laryngopharynx extends from the superior edge of the epiglottis to the superior end of the esophagus behind the larynx.
pharynx, activities of posterior and lateral pharyngeal wall
n.pl the bulging of the posterior and lateral pharyngeal wall produced by the superior pharyngeal constrictors and palatopharyngeus during the acts of swallowing and phonation; seen in individuals with a congenitally short soft palate, operated soft palate, or unoperated cleft of the soft palate. These activities are rarely present in the individual with the normal soft palate.
pharynx, implant surgical
n first stage: a major oral operation in which the mucoperiosteum is elevated, exposing the oral surface of the jawbone; the surgical jaw relations are established, and an impression is made of the exposed bone surfaces. Second stage: a major oral surgical operation in which the mucoperiosteum is reelevated, the prepared implant is placed on the bone surface, and the mucoperiosteum is coapted and sutured about the posts of the protruding implant abutments.
the throat; the musculomembranous crossroads of the digestive and respiratory systems, found behind the nasal cavities and mouth, and rostral to the larynx and esophagus.
The pharynx includes many individual structures and may be divided into three parts: the nasopharynx (above), oropharynx (below) and laryngopharynx (behind). The nasopharynx, connected with the nasal cavities, provides a passage for air during breathing; it also contains the openings of the auditory tubes through which air enters the middle ear. The oropharynx and laryngopharynx provide passageways for both air and food. The pharynx also functions as a resonating organ in vocalization.
The pharynx is subdivided by the soft palate. In swallowing, the palate lifts up, closing off the nasopharynx as food passes from the mouth to the esophagus.
Patient discussion about pharynx
Q. what should i take for a sorrow throat?
A. There are many types of tablets you can take under your tongue that help relieve the pain, and you can get them over the counter. You should see a doctor if the sore throat continues longer than 1-2 days, to makw sure there is no possible bacterial infection involved in which case you will need antibiotics.
Q. what is throat cancer exactly? does it mean you lose your voice?
A. is there a chance to keep a healthy voice after troat cancer treatments at all? any known cases?
Q. My friend think she has strep in her throat. What should she do. She doesn't want to take antibiotics. Her glands are swollen and she feels kinda out of it. Any more information or links would be greatly appreciated.
A. she should go to a Dr. that will take a look and a swab of the area. if he'll suspect a Strep. he'll give her antibiotics before getting results. it's important to follow antibiotic instructions ("10 days, 3 times a day"..).those infection can progress to other organs like the heart valves (very common) and cause chronic heart failure. More discussions about pharynx