actin

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actin

 [ak´tin]
a muscle protein localized in the I band of myofibrils; acting along with myosin particles, it is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle fibers.

ac·tin

(ak'tin),
One of the protein components into which actomyosin can be split; it can exist in a fibrous form (F-actin) or a globular form (G-actin).

actin

/ac·tin/ (ak´tin) a muscle protein localized in the I band of the myofibrils; acting along with myosin, it is responsible for contraction and relaxation of muscle. It occurs in globular (G-actin) and fibrous (F-actin) forms.

actin

(ăk′tĭn)
n.
A protein that forms the microfilaments of the eukaryotic cytoskeleton and plays an important role in cell movement, shape, and internal organization. In muscle cells, it functions with myosin to produce contraction.

actin

a protein forming the thin filaments in muscle fibers that are pulled on by myosin cross-bridges to cause a muscle contraction. Some bacteria forms actin tails to use for motility. See also myosin.

Actin

One of two major muscle proteins—the other is myosin—which is an ATPase that binds to adenine nucleotides. In concert with myosin, actin is a filamentous protein responsible for muscle contraction, and has an active mechanicochemical role in cell function; it is divided into a 46-kD monomeric form, G-actin and a mature contractile form, F-actin, formed from G-actin polymers, capable of functioning in absence of myosin.

ac·tin

(ak'tin)
One of the protein components into which actomyosin can be split; it can exist in a fibrous form (F-actin) or a globular form (G-actin).

actin

A contractile protein in muscle, found in the thin filaments, to which the myosin cross-bridges bind. Actin filaments are also abundant inside all nucleated cells where they form the cytoskeleton, determining cell shape and, in the case of amoebic cells, cell movement. An actin contractile ring forms around the equator of a dividing cell at the end of MITOSIS and tightens so as to pinch the two daughter cells apart.

actin

a contractile protein found in the muscles of all animals from protozoa to vertebrates and in the MICROFILAMENTS of all cells. The energy for contraction is derived from ATP; See MYOSIN.

actin (akˑ·tin),

n one of a pair of myofilaments involved in muscle contractions. See also myosin.

actin

a muscle protein localized in the I band of myofibrils; acting along with myosin particles, it is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.

actin F
assembly of actin G monomers into filaments.
actin filaments
smallest filamentous proteins involved in a static role in cell structure and a dynamic role in cell movement.
actin G
monomeric globular protein which assembles into actin filaments.