act utilitarianism


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Related to act utilitarianism: Rule utilitarianism

act utilitarianism

The moral theory that the best action is the one that enhances the general welfare more than any other available or known alternative. An action is judged in terms of the goodness of its consequences with no consideration of the rules of action.
See also: utilitarianism
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The inconsistency between their hedonistic act utilitarianism and their commitment to torturing only the guilty only to extract information is magnified by the following consideration.
Act utilitarianism seems committed to holding that he should, for it is intuitively obvious that it is better that five live and one die than vice versa.
Act utilitarianism is rejected because each of its core concepts--"act," "maximize," and "utility"--are ineluctably vague, and its prescription that an act is right if and only if it maximizes aggregate social utility is both too complex for individual calculation and too shallow to account for the close personal relationships, loyalties, and activities that make life worthwhile.