acetylation

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a·cet·y·la·tion

(a-set'i-lā'shŭn),
Formation of an acetyl derivative.

acetylation

/acet·y·la·tion/ (ah-set″ĭ-la´shun) introduction of an acetyl radical into an organic molecule.

a·cet·y·la·tion

(a-set'i-lā'shŭn)
Formation of an acetyl derivative.

acetylation (·sē·t·lā·shn),

n a phase II detoxification pathway occurring in the liver in which acetyl-CoA combines with metabolic products.

acetylation

one of the synthetic biotransformations which operate in the metabolism of drugs in which metabolites are produced that are more readily excreted than the parent drug. Dogs are exceptional amongst the domesticated species in that acetylation does not occur in their tissues. Acetylation is one of the principal metabolic pathways of the sulfonamides.
References in periodicals archive ?
Acetylated H4K16 by MYST1 protects UROtsa cells from arsenic toxicity and is decreased following chronic arsenic exposure.
In our investigation, no obvious differences were observed in the morphology of the native and acetylated starch.
Interference of carbamylated and acetylated hemoglobins in assays of glycohemoglobin by HPLC, electrophoresis, affinity chromatography, and enzyme immunoassay.
Golachowski, (2003) observed reduction in the degree of acetylation of native potato starch in the presence of sodium bisulphite solution and had advised manufacturers of acetylated starch that, since sodium bisulphite (a source of S[O.
Thus, HDAC-mediated deacetylation may be a novel mechanism to regulate the ubiquitination and degradation of some acetylated proteins.
The dispersive component of untreated, alkalized, and acetylated hemp fibers was calculated from plots of RTln([V.
With the histone acetylated, the DNA becomes accessible and routine transcription occurs, which induces differentiation and apoptosis in a variety of tumor cell lines.
This is accomplished by the inclusion of cold water swelling rice-based starch products selected from the group consisting of pregelatinized rice flour, phosphorylated rice starch and pregelatinized acetylated rice starch into the rice starch batter compositions.
In 1992, Bryan Turner of the University of Birmingham Medical School in England and his colleagues discovered that the male fruit fly's single X chromosome, but not its other chromosomes or the female's two X chromosomes, has a specific acetylated amino acid on the tail of histone H4.
To circumvent this problem, AA was used as the derivatizing reagent to convert 9-hydroxphenanthrene in aqueous standard to its acetylated derivative that was then extracted by SPME with subsequent GC-MS analysis.
A summary follows of the Committee's evaluations of toxicological and intake data on various specific food additives (diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, quillaia extracts, invertase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, B-carotene from Blakeslea trispora, curcumin, phosphates, diphosphates and polyphosphates, hydrogenated poly-1-decene, natamycin, D-tagatose, carrageenan, processed Eucheuma seaweed, curdlan, acetylated oxidised starch, [alpha]-cyclodextrin and sodium sulfate), flavouring agents and contaminants (3-chloro-1,2-propanediol, 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol, and a large number of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls).