acetyl CoA


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acetyl CoA

/ac·e·tyl CoA/ (as´ĕ-til) (as´ĕ-tēl″ ko-a´) acetyl coenzyme A.

acetyl

(as'et-il) (a-set'il) [ aceto- + -yl]
CH3CO, a univalent radical.

acetyl CoA

Acetylcoenzyme A.

acetyl L-carnitine

A dietary supplement (a form of L-carnitine) promoted for its positive effects on fat (esp. triglyceride) metabolism and Alzheimer's disease.

acetyl CoA

key intermediate in aerobic intermediary metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and some amino acids. Allosteric regulator of the activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and pyruvate carboxylase. Present in low concentrations but with high turnover. Dependent on B-group vitamin, pantothenic acid for structure of coenzyme A.
References in periodicals archive ?
These modifications are brought about by different enzymes that recruit different substrates like kinases use ATP for phosporylation; acetylases use acetyl CoA for acetylation, etc.
Acetyl CoA (or 'active acetate') plays a central role in metabolism of macronutrients.
The increased glycolytic hexokinase activity, decrease in blood ATP, leakage of cytochrome C, increase in serum pyruvate and decrease in acetyl CoA indicates the generation of the Warburg phenotype.
7] The metal actinide surfaces would by surface metabolism generate acetate which could get converted to acetyl CoA and then to cholesterol which functions as the primal prebiotic molecule self organizing into self replicating supramolecular systems, the lipid organism.