acetone

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acetone

 [as´ĕ-tōn]
a compound, CH3·CO·CH3, with a characteristic odor; it is used as a solvent and as an antiseptic. Acetone is one of the ketone bodies produced in abnormal amounts in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and metabolic acidosis. See also ketosis.

ac·e·tone

(as'e-tōn),
A colorless, volatile, flammable liquid; extremely small amounts are found in normal urine, but larger quantities occur in the urine and blood of people with diabetes, sometimes imparting an ethereal odor to the urine and breath. Acetone is one of the ketone bodies, and is used as a solvent in many pharmaceutical and commercial preparations.
Synonym(s): dimethyl ketone

acetone

/ac·e·tone/ (as´ĕ-tōn) a flammable, colorless, volatile liquid with a characteristic odor, which is a solvent and antiseptic and is one of the ketone bodies produced in ketoacidosis.

acetone

(ăs′ĭ-tōn′)
n.
A colorless, volatile, extremely flammable liquid ketone, C3H6O, widely used as an organic solvent. It is one of the ketone bodies that accumulate in the blood and urine when fat is being metabolized.

ac′e·ton′ic (-tŏn′ĭk) adj.

acetone

[as′ətōn]
a colorless, aromatic, volatile liquid ketone body found in small amounts in normal urine and in larger quantities in the urine of diabetics experiencing ketoacidosis or starvation. It is one of the group of compounds called ketones. Commercially prepared acetone is used to clean the skin before injections, but prolonged exposure to the compound can be irritating. It also has many varied industrial uses. Also called 2-propanone.

Acetone

Chemistry A colourless, highly volatile and flammable solvent* which is the simplest ketone. It mixes with water, ethanol and oil; it melts at 95.4º C and boils at 56º C.
Endocrinology A so-called ketone body which is normally present in scant amounts in the urine and serum of normal individuals, produced by oxidation of fats. Ketones are increased in diabetes, markedly so in diabetic ketoacidosis and starvation. 
Toxic range > 20 mg/dL
*Acetone is used as a solvent in chemical, cosmetic—e.g., nail polish remover—and pharmaceutical industries.

acetone

Endocrinology A ketone body normally present in scant amounts in the urine and serum of normal individuals produced by oxidation of fats; ketones ↑ in DM, DKA, starvation. See Ketone body.

ac·e·tone

(as'ĕ-tōn)
A colorless, volatile, inflammable liquid; small amounts are found in normal urine, but larger quantities occur in urine and blood of diabetic patients; sometimes imparts an ethereal odor to the urine and breath as a result of starvation or excessive vomiting. Used as a solvent in some pharmaceutical and commercial preparations and as a fixative for fluorescent antibody stains.

acetone

A KETONE body derived from acetyl coenzyme A in untreated DIABETES or starvation. See also ACETONE BODY.

acetone 

Liquid ketone (dimethyl ketone and propanone) used as a solvent for many organic compounds (e.g. cellulose acetate) and for repairing spectacle frames.

ac·e·tone

(as'ĕ-tōn)
A colorless, volatile, flammable liquid; extremely small amounts are found in normal urine, but larger quantities occur in the urine and blood of people with diabetes, sometimes imparting an ethereal odor to the urine and breath.

acetone (as´ətōn),

n Dimethylketone; 1. an organic solvent.
2. in the body, a chemical that is formed when the body uses fat instead of glucose for energy. The formation of acetone means that cells lack insulin or cannot effectively use available insulin to burn glucose for energy. It passes through the body into the urine as ketone bodies.
3. the simplest ketone. It is normally present in urine in small amounts but can increase in those who have diabetes mellitus. Results in having “fruity” acetone breath.

acetone

a compound, CH3COCH3, with solvent properties and characteristic odor, obtained by fermentation or produced synthetically; it is a by-product of acetoacetic acid. Acetone is one of the ketone bodies produced in abnormal amounts in uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, metabolic acidosis, pregnancy toxemia and acetonemia of ruminants.

acetone bodies
acetone, acetoacetic acid and beta-oxybutyric acid, being intermediates in fat metabolism. Called also ketone bodies.
acetone poisoning
in companion animals causes narcosis, gastritis and renal and hepatic damage.
References in periodicals archive ?
fistulashowed that its low molecular weight extracts as in case of petroleum ether has shown the best repellency of 64% and its medium polar acetonic extract as well as high molecular weight ethanolic extracts as in ethanol has shown better oiviposition inhibition among its all solvent extracts.
e Kangra, Solan, Una, Mandi, Bilaspur, Shimla and Hamirpur of Himachal Pradesh, screened for potential antimicrobial activity against gram positive and gram negative bacteria, Fungus and Candida strains, acetonic leaf extract of T.
98 Table 2: Mean peroxide index of different treatments of sunflower oil containing hexanoic, acetonic and methanolic mint (meq/kg) extracts at 75[degrees]C.
Kava hepatotoxicity: comparison of aqueous, ethanolic, acetonic kava extracts and kava-herbs mixtures.
The hexane, acetone or methanol, as applicable, were removed from the solutions obtained by reduced pressure distillation using a rotavapor (Buchi model R-114), so as to obtain the hexanic, acetonic and methanolic extracts of each cultivar, and these were dried in a laminar flow cabinet, to be used in the bioassays.
However, the methanolic and acetonic extracts showed good, hot water extract showed moderate activities at the concentration tested.
Since hepatotoxic reactions were observed with traditional aqueous kava extracts as well as ethanolic and acetonic extracts, the used solvents appear to play no major role for the observed hepatotoxicity (Teschke et al.
2004) compared the effect of an acetonic, an ethanolic and methanolic root extract with a (traditional) aqueous extract on cytochrome P450 isozymes (CYP).
hereroensis acetonic extract was evaluated against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE).
It is expected that similar negative effects on ADH activity would be noted with kava extracts since aqueous, acetonic, ethanolic or organic solvent (toluene) extracts are qualitatively similar (Loew and Franz, 2003) and presumably contain the four kavalactones tested in this study.
The study medication was available in capsules containing either 50 mg of dry extract WS[R] 1490 (drug-extract ratio 11-20:1; extraction agent: acetonic water) standardized to 35 mg Kava lactones, or placebo.