solution

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solution

 [so-loo´shun]
1. a homogeneous mixture of one or more substances (solutes) dispersed molecularly in a sufficient quantity of dissolving medium (solvent).
2. in pharmacology, a liquid preparation of one or more soluble chemical substances, which are usually dissolved in water. For names of specific solutions, see under the name.
3. the process of dissolving or disrupting.
4. a loosening or separation.

Preparation of Solutions. Formula for preparing solutions from a pure drug:


For example, to prepare 2000 mL of a 2 per cent solution from boric acid crystals, the proportion would be

Formula for preparing solutions from stock solutions:

For example, to prepare 1000 mL of a 2 per cent solution from a 4 per cent stock solution, the proportion would be
aqueous solution one in which water is used as the solvent.
BCG solution an aqueous suspension of bacille Calmette-Guérin for instillation into the bladder to activate the immune system in treatment of superficial bladder cancers. It reduces the risk of a subsequent bladder cancer developing, although the exact mechanism of action is unknown.
buffer solution one that resists appreciable change in its hydrogen ion concentration (pH) when acid or alkali is added to it.
colloid solution (colloidal solution) imprecise term for colloid (def. 3).
hyperbaric solution one having a greater specific gravity than a standard of reference.
hypertonic solution one having an osmotic pressure greater than that of a standard of reference.
hypobaric solution one having a specific gravity less than that of a standard of reference.
hypotonic solution one having an osmotic pressure less than that of a standard of reference.
isobaric solution a solution having the same specific gravity as a standard of reference.
isotonic solution one having an osmotic pressure the same as that of a standard of reference.
molar solution a solution in which each liter contains 1 mole of the dissolved substance; designated 1 M. The concentration of other solutions may be expressed in relation to that of molar solutions as tenth-molar (0.1 M), etc.
normal solution a solution in which each liter contains 1 equivalent weight of the dissolved substance; designated 1 N.
ophthalmic solution a sterile solution, free from foreign particles, for instillation into the eye.
saturated solution one in which the solvent has taken up all of the dissolved substance that it can hold in solution.
sclerosing solution one containing an irritant substance (sclerosing agent) that will cause obliteration of a space, as in sclerotherapy.
standard solution one that contains in each liter a definitely stated amount of reagent; usually expressed in terms of normality (equivalent weights of solute per liter of solution) or molarity (moles of solute per liter of solution).
supersaturated solution an unstable solution containing more of the solute than it can permanently hold.
volumetric solution one that contains a specific quantity of solvent per stated unit of volume.

so·lu·tion (soln., sol),

(sŏ-lū'shŭn),
1. The incorporation of a solid, liquid, or gas into a liquid or noncrystalline solid resulting in a homogeneous single phase.
See also: dispersion, suspension.
See also: solution of contiguity, solution of continuity.
2. Generally, an aqueous solution of a nonvolatile substance.
See also: solution of contiguity, solution of continuity.
3. In the language of the Pharmacopeia, an aqueous solution of a nonvolatile substance is called a solution or liquor; an aqueous solution of a volatile substance is a water (aqua); an alcoholic solution of a nonvolatile substance is a tincture (tinctura); an alcoholic solution of a volatile substance is a spirit (spiritus); a solution in vinegar is a vinegar (acetum); a solution in glycerin is a glycerol (glyceritum); a solution in wine is a wine (vinum); a solution of sugar in water is a syrup (syrupus); a solution of a mucilaginous substance is a mucilage (mucilago); a solution of an alkaloid or metallic oxide in oleic acid is an oleate (oleatum).
See also: solution of contiguity, solution of continuity.
4. The termination of a disease by crisis.
See also: solution of contiguity, solution of continuity.
5. A break, cut, or laceration of the solid tissues.
See also: solution of contiguity, solution of continuity.
Synonym(s): solutio
[L. solutio]

solution

/so·lu·tion/ (sŏ-loo´shun)
1. a homogeneous mixture of one or more substances (solutes) dispersed molecularly in a sufficient quantity of dissolving medium (solvent).
2. in pharmacology, a liquid preparation of one or more soluble chemical substances usually dissolved in water.
3. the process of dissolving.
4. a loosening or separation.

acetic acid otic solution  a solution of glacial acetic acid in a nonaqueous solvent, used to treat otitis externa caused by various fungi.
aluminum acetate topical solution  a preparation of aluminum subacetate solution, glacial acetic acid, and water; an astringent applied topically to the skin as a wet dressing and used as a gargle or mouthwash.
aluminum subacetate topical solution  a solution of aluminum sulfate, acetic acid, precipitated calcium carbonate, and water; applied topically as an astringent, and also as an antiseptic and a wet dressing.
anisotonic solution  one having tonicity differing from that of the standard of reference.
anticoagulant citrate dextrose solution  a solution of citric acid, sodium citrate, and dextrose in water for injection, used for preservation of whole blood.
anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose solution  a solution containing citric acid, sodium citrate, monobasic sodium phosphate, and dextrose in water for injection; used for preservation of whole blood.
anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose adenine solution  a solution consisting of anticoagulant citrate phosphate dextrose solution and adenine; used for the preservation of whole blood.
anticoagulant heparin solution  a sterile solution of heparin sodium in sodium chloride, used as an anticoagulant in the preservation of whole blood.
anticoagulant sodium citrate solution  a solution of sodium citrate in water for injection, used for the storage of whole blood, preparation of blood for fractionation, and preparation of citrated human plasma.
aqueous solution  one in which water is the solvent.
Benedict's solution  a sodium citrate, sodium carbonate, and cupric sulfate aqueous solution; used to determine presence of glucose in urine.
buffer solution  one that resists appreciable change in its hydrogen ion concentration upon addition of acid or alkali.
cardioplegic solution  a cold solution injected into the aortic root or the coronary ostia to induce cardiac arrest and protect the heart during open heart surgery, usually potassium in an electrolyte solution or in blood.
colloid solution , colloidal solution imprecise term for a colloidal system; see colloid (2).
Dakin's solution  a diluted sodium hypochlorite solution, which has been used as a topical anti-infective for skin and wounds.
formaldehyde solution  an aqueous solution containing not less than 37 per cent formaldehyde; used as a disinfectant and as a preservative and fixative for pathologic specimens.
hyperbaric solution  one having a greater specific gravity than a standard of reference.
hypobaric solution  one having a specific gravity less than that of a standard of reference.
iodine topical solution  a solution prepared with purified water, each 100 ml containing 1.8 to 2.2 g of iodine and 2.1 to 2.6 g of sodium iodide; a local anti-infective.
isobaric solution  a solution having the same specific gravity as a standard of reference.
lactated Ringer's solution  see under injection.
Lugol's solution  strong iodine s.
molar solution  a solution each liter of which contains 1 mole of the dissolved substance; designated 1 M. The concentration of other solutions may be expressed in relation to that of molar solutions as tenth-molar (0.1 M), etc.
Monsel's solution  a reddish-brown aqueous solution of basic ferric sulfate; astringent and hemostatic.
normal solution  a solution each liter of which contains 1 equivalent weight of the dissolved substance: designated 1 N.
normal saline solution , normal salt solution physiologic salt s.
ophthalmic solution  a sterile solution, free from foreign particles, for instillation into the eye.
physiologic saline solution , physiologic salt solution, physiologic sodium chloride solution a 0.9 per cent aqueous solution of sodium chloride, which is isotonic with blood serum.
Ringer's solution  see under injection and irrigation.
saline solution , salt solution a solution of sodium chloride in purified water.
saturated solution  one containing all of the solute which can be held in solution by the solvent.
sclerosing solution  a solution of a sclerosing agent, for use in sclerotherapy.
Shohl's solution  an aqueous solution of citric acid and sodium citrate; used to correct electrolyte imbalance in renal tubular acidosis.
sodium fluoride and acidulated phosphate topical solution  a solution of sodium fluoride, acidulated with phosphoric acid, pH of 3.0 to 3.5; applied topically to the teeth as a dental caries prophylactic.
sodium hypochlorite solution  a solution containing 4 to 6 per cent by weight of sodium hypochlorite; used to disinfect utensils. In dilution, usually containing approximately 0.5 per cent free chlorine, it is used for skin disinfection and wound irrigation.
standard solution  one that contains in each liter a definitely stated amount of reagent; usually expressed in terms of normality (equivalent weights of solute per liter of solution) or molarity (moles of solute per liter of solution).
strong iodine solution  a solution containing, in each 100 ml, 5 g of iodine and 10 g of potassium iodide; a source of iodine.
supersaturated solution  an unstable solution containing more of the solute than it can permanently hold.
TAC solution  a solution of tetracaine, epinephrine, and cocaine, used as a local anesthetic in the emergency treatment of uncomplicated lacerations.
volumetric solution  one that contains a specific quantity of solvent per stated unit of volume.

solution (sol., soln)

[səlo̅o̅′shən]
Etymology: L, solutus
a mixture of one or more substances dissolved in another substance. The molecules of each of the substances disperse homogenously and do not change chemically. A solution may be a gas, a liquid, or a solid. Compare colloid, suspension. See also solute, solvent.

solution

Chemistry
A homogeneous mixture of solutes in a solvent.
 
Vox populi
An answer or result.

so·lu·tion

(sŏ-lū'shŭn)
1. The incorporation of a solid, a liquid, or a gas in a liquid or noncrystalline solid resulting in a homogeneous single phase.
See also: dispersion, suspension
2. Generally, an aqueous solution of a nonvolatile substance called a solution or liquor; an aqueous solution of a volatile substance, a water (aqua); an alcoholic solution of a nonvolatile substance, a tincture (tinctura); and an alcoholic solution of a volatile substance, a spirit (spiritus).
3. The termination of a disease by crisis.
4. A break, cut, or laceration of the solid tissues.
See also: solution of contiguity, solution of continuity
[L. solutio]

solution

a homogeneous mixture in which a substance (solid, liquid or gas) is dissolved in another; most frequently, the solution of solids in liquids.

solution

incorporation of solid, liquid or gas into a liquid medium, forming a homogeneous single phase

so·lu·tion

(soln, sol) (sŏ-lū'shŭn)
1. The incorporation of a solid, liquid, or gas into a liquid or noncrystalline solid resulting in a homogeneous single phase.
2. Generally, an aqueous solution of a nonvolatile substance.
3. The termination of a disease by crisis.
4. A break, cut, or laceration of the solid tissues.
[L. solutio]

solution (səloo´shən),

n the process of dissolving. In chemistry a homogeneous dispersion of two or more compounds. In pharmacy, usually a nonalcoholic solution. Solutions containing alcohol are variously called
elixirs, tinctures, spirits, essences, or
hydroalcoholic solutions.
solution, Carnoy's,
n.pr a sclerosing solution; mild; does not cauterize normal oral mucosa if used judiciously. A mild hemostatic.
solution, cleansing,
n a solution especially suited to the removal of adherent food particles by immersion of the denture to avoid damaging the denture by brushing.
solution, disclosing,
n a topically applied dye used in aqueous solution to stain and reveal the extent of calcareous and mucinous deposition on the teeth.
solution, hardening,
n an aqueous solution (often of 2% potassium sulfate) in which a hydrocolloid impression may be immersed to reduce or retard syneresis of the impression material.
solution, hypertonic,
n a mixture containing a concentration of solute in excess of the concentration of the same solute in another mixture to which it is compared. When the two solutions are placed on opposite sides of a permeable membrane (either artificial or natural, as with cell membranes), the hypertonic solution attracts the solvent from the hypotonic solution, equalizing the concentration of the solute in both. See also solution, hypotonic; solution, isotonic; and osmosis.
solution, hypotonic,
n a mixture containing a concentration of solute that is lower than the concentration of the same solute in another mixture to which it is compared. When two such solutions are separated by a permeable membrane, the solvent of the hypotonic solution flows through the membrane to the hypertonic solution, equalizing the concentration of the solute in both. See also solution, hypertonic; solution, isotonic; and osmosis.
solution, isotonic,
n a mixture containing the same concentration of solute as another mixture to which it is compared. When separated by a permeable membrane, osmosis does not occur. See also solution, hypertonic; solution, hypotonic; and osmosis.
solution, parenteral,
n a sterile solution or substance prepared for injection.
solution, physiologic saline,
n a salt solution containing 0.9% sodium chloride in distilled water that exhibits the same molecular concentration as blood.
solution, pickling,
n a solution of acid used for removing oxides and other impurities from dental castings (e.g., solutions of hydrochloric or sulfuric acid).
solution, sclerosing,
n an agent that causes intense inflammation, resulting in fibrosis; used to treat subluxation of the temporomandibular joint, cauterize ulcers, arrest hemorrhage, and treat hemangiomas.
solution, Skinner's,
n.pr an iodine preparation used as a disclosing agent, containing iodine crystals, potassium iodide, zinc iodide, water and glycerine. It is seldom used because of its bad taste.
solution, solid,
n an alloy all of whose constituents are mutually soluble in the solid state.

solution

1. a liquid preparation of one or more soluble chemical substances usually dissolved in water.
2. the process of dissolving or disrupting.

aqueous solution
one in which water is used as the solvent.
buffer solution
one that resists appreciable change in its hydrogen ion concentration (pH) when acid or alkali is added to it.
colloid solution, colloidal solution
a preparation consisting of minute particles of matter suspended in a solvent.
hyperbaric solution
one having a greater specific gravity than a standard of reference.
hypertonic solution
one having an osmotic pressure greater than that of a standard of reference.
hypobaric solution
one having a specific gravity less than that of a standard of reference.
hypotonic solution
one having an osmotic pressure less than that of a standard of reference.
iodine solution
a transparent, reddish brown liquid, each 100 ml of which contains 1.8 to 2.2 g of iodine and 2.1 to 2.6 g of sodium iodide; a local anti-infective.
iodine solution (strong)
Lugol's solution.
isobaric solution
a solution having the same specific gravity as a standard of reference.
isotonic solution
one having an osmotic pressure the same as that of a standard of reference.
molar solution
a solution each liter of which contains 1 mole of the dissolved substance; designated 1 M. The concentration of other solutions may be expressed in relation to that of molar solutions as tenth-molar (0.1 M), etc.
normal solution
a solution each liter of which contains 1 chemical equivalent of the dissolved substance; designated 1 N.
ophthalmic solution
a sterile solution, free from foreign particles, for instillation into the eye.
physiological saline solution, physiological salt solution, physiological sodium chloride solution
an aqueous solution of sodium chloride and other components, having an osmotic pressure identical to that of blood serum.
priming solution
the fluid used to fill tubing and the reservoir of a cardiac bypass unit before use.
saline solution
a solution of sodium chloride, or common salt, in purified water.
saturated solution
a solution in which the solvent has taken up all of the dissolved substance that it can hold in solution.
sclerosing solution
one containing an irritant substance that will cause obliteration of a space, such as the lumen of a varicose vein or the cavity of a hernial sac.
standard solution
one containing a fixed amount of solute.
supersaturated solution
one containing a greater quantity of the solute than the solvent can hold in solution under ordinary conditions.
volumetric solution
one that contains a specific quantity of solvent per stated unit of volume.

Patient discussion about solution

Q. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES N SOLUTION TO PNEMONIA? I HAVE A FRIEND WITH THIS DISEASES WHAT SUGGESTION CAN I GET FROM U AND TELL TO MY FRIEND I WILL BE WAITNG FOR YOUR SUGGESTION.

A. Pneumonia is an infectious disease of the lungs, and is caused by various bacteria, viruses or fungal infections. The most common pneumonia is caused by viruses, and the treatment is usually symptomatic
(anti caugh and fever, etc.), however, because there are many bacterias that can cause it as well, you should recommend to your friend to go see a doctor and get some antibiotic medications.

Q. Can you suggest an immediate solution for this, please? My niece is 22 years old. She was very excited about being a single mother. She was staying with her boyfriend when she announced that she was pregnant. About 5 weeks of pregnancy she had a fight with her boyfriend that ended up in him shoving her. She fell violently to the ground. She is complaining of spotting and cramps. I am worried if anything has gone wrong. Can you suggest an immediate solution for this, please?

A. I want to add, that the physical act of violence done to her and the unborn child might have been criminal assault. If she or the unborn child were harmed, she could file charges. There is no excuse for the boyfriend's irresponsible behavior. If she is in any danger from this guy doing this again, she could seek help at a shelter for battered women, or even better staying with someone in her family.

Q. Type 2 Diabetics solution My uncle is suffering from type 2 diabetics and i want to know that is there any permanent solution for type 2 diabities. Very worried about weight loss too. Any one there to give us a permanent solution?

A. Type 2 diabetes is due to improper use of insulin or insulin resistance.

There is a web site given below which provides information on alternative medicines for diabetes. Alternative medicines - ayurveda herbs, homeopathy, yoga and acupressure treatments.
http://healthy-ojas.com/html/diabetes_mellitus.html
http://healthy-ojas.com/html/alternative_medicine_diabetes.html

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