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1. a band of fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages, serving to support and strengthen joints. See also sprain.
2. a double layer of peritoneum extending from one visceral organ to another.
3. cordlike remnants of fetal tubular structures that are nonfunctional after birth. adj., adj ligament´ous.
accessory ligament one that strengthens or supports another.
arcuate l's the arched ligaments that connect the diaphragm with the lowest ribs and the first lumbar vertebra.
broad ligament of uterus a broad fold of peritoneum supporting the uterus, extending from the side of the uterus to the wall of the pelvis.
capsular ligament the fibrous layer of a joint capsule.
conoid ligament the posteromedial portion of the coracoclavicular ligament, extending from the coracoid process to the inferior surface of the clavicle.
coracoclavicular ligament a band joining the coracoid process of the scapula and the acromial extremity of the clavicle, consisting of two ligaments, the conoid and trapezoid.
costotransverse ligament three ligaments (lateral, middle, and superior) that connect the neck of a rib to the transverse process of a vertebra.
cruciate l's of knee more or less cross-shaped ligaments, one anterior and one posterior, which arise from the femur and pass through the intercondylar space to attach to the tibia.
crural ligament inguinal ligament.
deltoid ligament of ankle medial ligament.
falciform ligament of liver a sickle-shaped sagittal fold of peritoneum that helps to attach the liver to the diaphragm and separates the right and left lobes of the liver. Called also broad ligament of liver.
gastrosplenic ligament a peritoneal fold extending from the greater curvature of the stomach to the hilum of the spleen.
Gimbernat's ligament a membrane with its base just lateral to the femoral ring, one side attached to the inguinal ligament and the other to the pectineal line of the pubis. Called also lacunar ligament.
glenohumeral l's bands, usually three, on the inner surface of the articular capsule of the humerus, extending from the glenoid lip to the anatomical neck of the humerus.
Henle's ligament a lateral expansion of the lateral edge of the rectus abdominis muscle which attaches to the pubic bone.
inguinal ligament a fibrous band running from the anterior superior spine of the ilium to the spine of the pubis; called also Poupart's ligament.
intracapsulary l's ligaments of the joint capsule that are inside the capsule.
lacunar ligament Gimbernat's ligament.
Lisfranc's ligament a fibrous band extending from the medial cuneiform bone to the second metatarsal.
Lockwood's ligament a suspensory sheath supporting the eyeball.
medial ligament a large fan-shaped ligament on the medial side of the ankle.
meniscofemoral l's two small fibrous bands of the knee joint attached to the lateral meniscus, one (the anterior) extending to the anterior cruciate ligament and the other (the posterior) to the medial femoral condyle.
nephrocolic ligament fasciculi from the fatty capsule of the kidney passing down on the right side to the posterior wall of the ascending colon and on the left side to the posterior wall of the descending colon.
nuchal ligament a broad, fibrous, roughly triangular sagittal septum in the back of the neck, separating the right and left sides.
patellar ligament the continuation of the central portion of the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle distal to the patella, extending from the patella to the tuberosity of the tibia; called also patellar tendon.
pectineal ligament a strong aponeurotic lateral continuation of the lacunar ligament along the pectineal line of the pubis.
periodontal ligament the connective tissue structure that surrounds the roots of the teeth and holds them in place in the dental alveoli.
Petit's ligament uterosacral ligament.
phrenicocolic ligament costocolic fold.
Poupart's ligament inguinal ligament.
pulmonary ligament a vertical fold extending from the hilus to the base of the lung.
rhomboid ligament the ligament connecting the cartilage of the first rib to the undersurface of the clavicle.
round ligament of femur a broad ligament arising from the fatty cushion of the acetabulum and inserted on the head of the femur.
round ligament of liver a fibrous cord from the navel to the anterior border of the liver.
round ligament of uterus a fibromuscular band attached to the uterus near the fallopian tube, passing through the abdominal ring, and into the labium majus.
splenorenal ligament a peritoneal fold that passes from the diaphragm to the concave surface of the spleen.
suspensory ligament of axilla a layer ascending from the axillary fascia and ensheathing the smaller pectoral muscle.
suspensory ligament of lens ciliary zonule.
sutural ligament a band of fibrous tissue between the opposed bones of a suture or immovable joint.
tendinotrochanteric ligament a portion of the capsule of the hip joint.
transverse humeral ligament a band of fibers bridging the intertubercular groove of the humerus and holding the tendon in the groove.
trapezoid ligament the anterolateral portion of the coracoclavicular ligament, extending from the upper surface of the coracoid process to the trapezoid line of the clavicle.
umbilical ligament, medial a fibrous cord, the remains of the obliterated umbilical artery, running cranialward beside the bladder to the umbilicus.
uteropelvic l's expansions of muscular tissue in the broad ligament of the uterus, radiating from the fascia over the internal obturator muscle to the side of the uterus and the vagina.
uterosacral ligament a part of the thickening of the visceral pelvic fascia beside the cervix and vagina; called also Petit's ligament.
ventricular ligament vestibular ligament.
vesicouterine ligament a ligament that extends from the anterior aspect of the uterus to the bladder.
vestibular ligament the membrane extending from the thyroid cartilage in front to the anterolateral surface of the arytenoid cartilage behind; called also ventricular ligament.
vocal ligament the elastic tissue membrane extending from the thyroid cartilage in front to the vocal process of the arytenoid cartilage behind.
Weitbrecht's ligament a small ligamentous band extending from the ulnar tuberosity to the radius.
Etymology: L, accessus, extra, ligare, to bind
a ligament that helps strengthen a union between two bones, even though it is not part of a joint capsule.
A ligament that supplements another, esp. one on the lateral surface of a joint. This type of ligament lies outside of and independent of the capsule of a joint.
See also: ligament
1. a band of fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages, serving to support and strengthen joints.
2. a double layer of peritoneum extending from one visceral organ to another.
3. cordlike remnants of fetal tubular structures that are nonfunctional after birth.
The injury suffered when a joint is wrenched with sufficient violence to stretch or tear the ligaments is called a sprain. For a complete list of named ligaments in the body, see Table 12. See also ligamentum.
one that strengthens or supports another.
fibrous remnant of the ductus arteriosus.
the peritoneal folds by which the uterus is suspended from the wall of the abdomen and pelvis.
the fibrous layer of a joint capsule.
a pair of ligaments which cross over one another, as for example the cranial and caudal cruciate ligaments which tie the femur to the tibia.
median ligament of the bladder
a fold of peritoneum attaching the urinary bladder and urachus to the ventral abdominal wall.
a comb-like ligament at the iridocorneal angle.
the continuation of the pericardial sac as a ligament attaching to the diaphragm; attaches to the sternum in species where the heart axis is less oblique.
round ligament of the bladder
remnants of the umbilical arteries and their mesenteries in the lateral ligaments of the urinary bladder.
round ligament of the liver
remnants of the umbilical veins found in the falciform ligament in young animals, and the adults of some species.
round ligament of the uterus
part of the gubernaculum of the female extending from the proper ligament of the ovary to the inguinal canal; in some species, e.g. dog, the ligament passes through the inguinal canal and is incriminated in the development of metrocele.
vestige of the gubernaculum testis of the fetus; connects the dartos surrounding the testicle to the vaginal tunic of the scrotum.
a surgical procedure used in horses to stimulate vascularity of a diseased tendon. Through a single key-hole access incision, a series of fan-like incisions are made in the longitudinal axis of the tendon with a special knife.
a band of fibrous tissue between the opposed bones of a suture or immovable joint.
ligament of the tail of the epididymis
a mesenchymal ligamentous caudal extension of the gubernaculum; a cord which binds the tail of the epididymis to the tunica vaginalis.