abstinence syndrome


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abstinence

 [ab´stĭ-nens]
a refraining from the use of or indulgence in food, stimulants, or coitus.
periodic abstinence natural family planning; see contraception.
abstinence syndrome withdrawal (def. 2).

ab·sti·nence syn·drome

a constellation of physiologic changes undergone by people or animals who have become physically dependent on a drug or chemical who are abruptly deprived of that substance. The intensity of the syndrome varies with the drug or chemical. Generally, the effects observed are in an opposite direction from those produced by the drug; for example, the withdrawal syndrome from CNS depressants (for example, barbiturates) consists of insomnia, restlessness, tremulousness, hallucinations, and, in the extreme, potentially fatal tonic-clonic convulsions. Onset time and severity of the syndrome depend on the rate at which the drug disappears from the body.

abstinence syndrome

Etymology: L, abstinere, to hold back; Gk, syn, together, dromos, course

ab·sti·nence syn·drome

(absti-nĕns sindrōm)
Constellation of physiologic changes undergone by people or animals who have become physically dependent on a drug or chemical and are abruptly deprived of that substance. The intensity of the syndrome varies with the drug or chemical.

ab·sti·nence syn·drome

(absti-nĕns sindrōm)
Constellation of physiologic changes undergone by people or animals who have become physically dependent on a drug or chemical who are abruptly deprived of that substance.
References in periodicals archive ?
Management of neonatal abstinence syndrome in neonates born to opioid maintained women.
The Protecting Our Infants Act is a critical first step toward reducing the terrible toll of neonatal abstinence syndrome.
7,12) Neonatal abstinence syndrome may be present in 60-90% of neonates exposed in-utero with up to 70% of affected neonates with central nervous system irritability that may progress to seizures.
The incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome after an infant's in utero exposure to opioids has risen dramatically in recent years," says Eric Hall, PhD, a researcher in the Perinatal Institute at Cincinnati Children's and lead author of the study.
Buprenorphine versus methadone in the treatment of pregnant opioid-dependent patients: effects on the neonatal abstinence syndrome.
After delivery, their neonates were assessed for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) twice a day for at least 10 days.
I chose to focus my final professional project on Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in my community.
He claimed the 90 babies diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome last year are just the tip of the "methadone baby iceberg".
Infants born to women taking prescription opioids were more likely to have neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) if their mothers smoked tobacco or took selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), according to a recent study.
John Daniel at the Neonatology division of the Kentucky Children's Hospital in Lexington, Kentucky are researching the effects of aromatherapy in the treatment of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS).
aims to better identify and treat opioid use by pregnant women and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in newborns.
16) Also, Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS), which is a regulatory dysfunction of the central and autonomic nervous system in the neonate, may result from gestational exposure to opioids and other substances of abuse leading to significant morbidity and prolonged hospital stay.