absolute risk


Also found in: Financial.

absolute risk

Probability that a specified event will occur in a specified population, in contrast to the relative risk of the event.

Absolute Risk

The observed or calculated probability of the occurrence of an event, X—e.g., toxic exposure, infection, etc.—in a population relative to its exposure to a specific hazard or pathogen. Absolute risk is risk stated without any context whatsoever.
Example 172,570 people in America were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2005, a year in which there were approximately 290,000,000 Americans, yielding an absolute risk of 1:1,680 of being diagnosed with lung cancer. Adding context—e.g., age, smoking history, industrial exposure, etc.—is used to define a person’s relative risk of suffering a particular condition.

absolute risk

Epidemiology The observed or calculated probability of occurrence of an event, X, in a population related to exposure to a specific hazard, infection, trauma; the number of persons suffering from a disease when the exposed population is known with certainty. Cf Relative risk.
References in periodicals archive ?
This includes relative-risk equity strategies, with a focus on long-term returns in excess of the target benchmark, as well as absolute-risk equity strategies, with a focus on reducing the absolute risk of the portfolio through low and managed volatility strategies.
For right ventricular outflow tract obstruction cardiac defects, the absolute risk would increase from 10 per 10,000 to 24 per 10,000.
For CD patients, the absolute risk of neuropathy was 64 per 100,000 patient-years, compared with 15 per 100,000 patient-years in the control group (hazard ratio, 2.
The absolute risk of a drug is the rate of beneficial and adverse effects on a population.
Absolute risk in a heart disease study is a group's risk of getting heart disease in a given period.
Relative risk and absolute risk reduction was computed and appraised, and the results were explained using random effects models.
Moreover, the individuals with the highest burden of genetic risk had the largest benefit with statin therapy in terms of reducing the risk of cardiovascular death or heart attacks, with three times the absolute risk reduction seen in the low risk group.
On balance, it is unclear whether vaccination against seasonal influenza results in a net increase or decrease in the absolute risk of a person acquiring GBS.
In the first study, the researchers observed that women with 15 or more nevi were 35 percent more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer than women who reported no nevi, corresponding to an absolute risk of developing breast cancer of 8.
At 10 years' follow-up, the absolute risk of hip fracture was 10.
However, recent analysis published in the same journal last month (November 27) by a Danish team contests the original findings, saying that 'any differences in absolute risk are likely to be of minor, if any, clinical significance.
However, the absolute risk remained very small, the Danish researchers pointed out.