absolute risk


Also found in: Financial.

absolute risk

Probability that a specified event will occur in a specified population, in contrast to the relative risk of the event.

Absolute Risk

The observed or calculated probability of the occurrence of an event, X—e.g., toxic exposure, infection, etc.—in a population relative to its exposure to a specific hazard or pathogen. Absolute risk is risk stated without any context whatsoever.
Example 172,570 people in America were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2005, a year in which there were approximately 290,000,000 Americans, yielding an absolute risk of 1:1,680 of being diagnosed with lung cancer. Adding context—e.g., age, smoking history, industrial exposure, etc.—is used to define a person’s relative risk of suffering a particular condition.

absolute risk

Epidemiology The observed or calculated probability of occurrence of an event, X, in a population related to exposure to a specific hazard, infection, trauma; the number of persons suffering from a disease when the exposed population is known with certainty. Cf Relative risk.
References in periodicals archive ?
But the absolute risk of someone dying early after a TBI was only 1.
Next the researchers looked at whether absolute risk or relative risk of these nine diseases increased with time since people tested positive for HIV.
The use of PPIs was significantly associated with incident CKD in all analyses, and the 10-year absolute risk of CKD among baseline PPI users was 15.
absolute risk as well as number needed to treat (NNT) and the pitfalls of some of these measurements.
Schmidt indicated she would defer to experts in cost-benefit analysis as to whether an extensive work-up for occult malignancy is worthwhile in patients with a newly diagnosed venous leg ulcer, given the low absolute risk of cancer.
Although our analysis strongly supports the validity of the associations that were observed, the increase in the absolute risks, if the associations are causal, is small," the researchers wrote.
Although absolute risks for neuropathy are low, CD is a potentially treatable condition with a young age of onset.
The absolute risk of a drug is the rate of beneficial and adverse effects on a population.
Relative risk and absolute risk reduction was computed and appraised, and the results were explained using random effects models.
Moreover, the individuals with the highest burden of genetic risk had the largest benefit with statin therapy in terms of reducing the risk of cardiovascular death or heart attacks, with three times the absolute risk reduction seen in the low risk group.
While the relative death risk was higher, the absolute risk remains low, it added.
Aspirin should be used in patients who have a ten years absolute risk of more than 10%, while in case of those having 5% absolute risk, aspirin should not be used while in case ten years absolute risk is between 7-9%, discuss with the patient and prescribe low dose aspirin therapy if they agree.