abnormal occlusion

(redirected from abnormal occlusal relationship)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

occlusion

 [ŏ-kloo´zhun]
2. the trapping of a liquid or gas within cavities in a solid or on its surface.
3. the relation of the teeth of both jaws when in functional contact during activity of the mandible.
4. momentary complete closure of some area in the vocal tract, causing breathing to stop and pressure to accumulate.
Normal occlusion of the primary molars. From Darby and Walsh, 1994.
abnormal occlusion malocclusion.
central occlusion (centric occlusion) occlusion of the teeth when the mandible is in centric relation to the maxilla, with full occlusal surface contact of the upper and lower teeth in habitual occlusion.
coronary occlusion see coronary occlusion.
eccentric occlusion occlusion of the teeth when the lower jaw has moved from the centric position.
functional occlusion contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth that provides the highest efficiency in the centric position and during all exclusive movements of the jaw that are essential to mastication without producing trauma.

ab·nor·mal oc·clu·sion

an arrangement of the teeth that is not considered to be within the normal range of variation.

ab·nor·mal oc·clu·sion

(ab-nōr'măl ŏ-klū'zhŭn)
An arrangement of the teeth that is not considered to be within the normal range of variation.

occlusion

(o-kloo'zhun) [L. occlusio, a closing up]
1. The acquired or congenital closure, or state of being closed, of a passage. Synonym: imperforation
2. Alignment of the mandibular and maxillary teeth when the jaw is closed or in functional contact. Synonym: dental occlusion See: malocclusion
3. The covering of an eye in order to improve vision in the other, e.g., in treating strabismus.

acquired centric occlusion

Centric occlusion.

abnormal occlusion

Malocclusion.

adjusted occlusion

See: equilibration

anatomical occlusion

In dentistry, an occlusion in which the posterior teeth of a denture have masticatory surfaces that resemble natural, healthy dentition and articulate with the surfaces of similar or opposing teeth. The opposing teeth may be artificial or natural.

arterial occlusion

A blockage of blood flow through an artery. It may be acute or chronic and occurs, for example, in coronary or in peripheral arteries. Patients with acute arterial occlusion have severe pain (as in angina pectoris), decreased or absent pulses, and mottling of the skin of an affected extremity. The occlusion is removed and blood flow restored if possible.

balanced occlusion

The ideal and equal contact of the teeth of the working side of the jaw by the complementary contact of the teeth on the opposite side of the jaw. Synonym: balanced bite

central retinal artery occlusion

Abbreviation: CRAO
Blockage of blood flow to the retina (that is, to the central retinal artery or one of its branches), resulting in sudden visual loss. The condition usually affects one eye. When the retinal artery is blocked by a blood clot, early thrombolysis sometimes provides sight-preserving therapy.

Etiology

CRAO is typically caused by a tiny embolus that lodges in the retinal circulation. It usually occurs in people with high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, cardiac valve disease, or atrial fibrillation, which predispose to atherosclerosis or arterial embolization. Other causes include inflammatory or autoimmune diseases affecting the circulation (arteritis), clotting disorders, hyperlipidemia, injected drugs or contaminants, and tumor metastases.

centric occlusion

In dentistry, the vertical and horizontal position of the mandible that produces maximal interdigitation of the cusps of the maxillary and mandibular teeth. This is the ideal position or type of occlusion. Synonym: acquired centric occlusion; habitual centric occlusion; intercuspal position
Enlarge picture
CORONARY OCCLUSION

coronary occlusion

Complete or partial obstruction of a coronary vessel by thrombosis or as a result of spasm. Synonym: cardiac thrombosis; coronary thrombosis
See: myocardial infarction; illustration

dental occlusion

Occlusion (2).

eccentric occlusion

Any dental occlusion other than centric.

habitual occlusion

The usual relationship between the teeth of the maxilla and mandible that represents the maximum contact. This occlusion varies from person to person and is seldom ideal or true centric occlusion.

habitual centric occlusion

Centric occlusion.

occlusion of the pupil

In the eye, a pupil with an opaque membrane shutting off the pupillary area.

traumatic occlusion

Injury to the tissues that support the teeth because of malocclusion, missing teeth, improper chewing habits, or a pathological condition that causes a person to chew abnormally.

working occlusion

The usual method of contact of teeth as the mandible is moved to one side during chewing.

ab·nor·mal oc·clu·sion

(ab-nōr'măl ŏ-klū'zhŭn)
Arrangement of teeth not considered to be within normal range of variation.
Synonym(s): abnormal occlusal relationship.

occlusion

1. the act of closure or state of being closed; an obstruction or a closing off.
2. the relation of the teeth of both jaws when in functional contact during activity of the mandible.

abnormal occlusion
malocclusion.
coronary occlusion
see coronary occlusion.
functional occlusion
contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth that provides the highest efficiency in the centric position and during all exclusive movements of the jaw that are essential to mastication without producing trauma.
inflow occlusion
a technique used in cardiac surgery to produce complete circulatory arrest by temporarily interrupting venous return.
traumatic occlusion
any abnormality of occlusion which causes injury to structures within the mouth.
Full browser ?