abdominal surgery


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abdominal surgery

any operation that involves an incision into the abdomen. In preparation for surgery, laboratory, radiographic, and cardiac tests and consultations may be done. Immediately before surgery, body hair is clipped, and skin is cleansed from the nipples to the pubis. Food and fluids by mouth are withheld for up to 6 hours or more before surgery. After surgery, the nurse ensures that the airway is patent and vital signs are stable, checks tubes and catheters, connects drainage tubes to collection containers, checks the dressing for excessive bleeding or drainage, and records fluid intake and output. The patient is turned and is helped to breathe deeply every hour and, if secretions are present, to cough. Medication is given as needed for pain relief. Some kinds of abdominal surgery are appendectomy, cholecystectomy, gastrectomy, herniorrhaphy, and laparotomy. See also acute abdomen.

abdominal surgery

Any operative procedure in which the abdominal cavity is opened, and a surgeon excises or repairs damaged, redundant or malignant tissue.
 
Most common procedures
Inguinal hernia repair, exploratory laparotomy, appendectomy, laparoscopy (often with a cholecystectomy or other –ectomy).

Potential complications
Excessive bleeding, wound infection, incisional hernia, recurrent gastric ulcer, chronic diarrhoea, malnutrition; pain, swelling, redness, drainage or bleeding in the surgical area; headache, muscle aches, dizziness or fever; increased abdominal pain or swelling, constipation, nausea or vomiting; rectal bleeding or black, tarry stools.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract award: Determination of contractors for supply and installation of equipment for the project "Introduction of innovative technologies in everyday work of the Department of General and Clinical Pathology, First clinic for abdominal surgery and oncological and radiotherapeutic center" St.
Incisional hernias develop in 15 per cent of cases after abdominal surgery.
The risk of incisional hernia increases considerably after each abdominal surgery.
Transversus abdominis plane block is an effective postoperative analgesic technique after abdominal surgery, but no study has compared continuous transversus abdominis plane block with continuous epidural analgesia.
PRINCE Philip will spend his 92nd birthday in hospital today as he recovers from abdominal surgery.
THE Duke of Edinburgh will have emergency abdominal surgery today after being admitted to hospital.
Post abdominal surgery symptoms cause patient suffering, complication, delay recovery and decrease activity of daily living.
Procedure time was longer in the robotic surgery group at a mean 168 minutes, compared with 99 minutes in the abdominal surgery patients and 69 minutes for the vaginal hysterectomy surgeries.
Melbourne, July 18 (ANI): A new study by Aussie scientists has shown that women who go for a hysterectomy or removal of ovaries via keyhole surgery are half as likely to suffer complications than those that opt for open abdominal surgery.
He discusses the first abdominal surgery in the nineteenth century, the development of anesthesia, early gallbladder, appendix, and gynecological surgeries, and the surgeons who performed them, as well as the standardization of training.
The paper, by Michael Korenkov and Stefan Sauerland of the Department of Abdominal Surgery at the University of Mainz in Germany, states that surgery is appropriate for adults with a body-mass index (BMI) of 40kg/m2 - the standard measure for morbid obesity.