abdominal examination


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abdominal examination

the physical assessment of a patient's abdomen by visual inspection, auscultation, percussion, and palpation. Visual inspection of the normally oval shape of the abdominal surface while the patient is supine may reveal abnormal surface features indicating the effects of disease, surgery, or injury. Subsurface tumors, fluid accumulation, or hypertrophy of the liver or spleen may be observed as an abnormal surface feature. Auscultation may reveal vascular sounds that provide information about arterial disorders such as aortic aneurysms and bowel sounds that indicate intestinal function. In pregnancy, auscultation can detect fetal heartbeat and blood circulation in the placenta. Percussion helps detect the condition of internal organs. Palpation is used to detect areas of tenderness or rigidity, muscle tone and skin condition, and shapes and sizes of subsurface organs or masses.

Abdominal Examination

A hands-on evaluation of the abdominal cavity to identify abnormalities, if any, based on any change in size, shape, consistency, or sound on percussion of the organs found therein.
Parameters assessed Ascites, ballotability, bowel sounds (normoactive, hyperactive, hypoactive, high-pitched, inaudible, tympanitic), costovertebral angle tenderness, distension, obesity, fluid wave, guarding, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, organomegaly, liver, spleen and kidneys (tender or not), McBurney's point (for appendicitis), Murphy's sign, palpable, nonpalpable, protuberant, rebound tenderness, scaphoid, surgical scars.

abdominal examination

Clinical medicine A hands-on evaluation of the abdominal cavity to identify abnormalities, if any, based on any change in size, shape, consistency, or sound on percussion of the organs found therein. See Abdomen.
References in periodicals archive ?
An abdominal examination revealed a soft non-tender abdomen with no palpable organomegaly and no features of chronic alcoholic liver disease.
On abdominal examination, a lump was palpable, starting from epigastrium to just above the umbilicus and extending into the left hypochondrium and left lumbar region.
He faced two counts of sexual assault after a complaint was made by the 19-year-old that he had squeezed her breast and touched her intimately while carrying out an abdominal examination.
In our patient, no surgical intervention was needed, since blood and urine lead levels and abdominal examination were found to be normal.
Abdominal examination revealed an irregular umbilical mass with central ulceration.
Her abdominal examination revealed tenderness in upper abdomen with no guarding, rigidity and no organomegaly but bowel sounds were absent.
An abdominal examination revealed distended abdomen, generalized abdominal tenderness and guarding.
On per abdominal examination a well contracted uterus corresponding to 20 weeks gravid size was felt.
On abdominal examination his kidneys were palpable and the right kidney was enlarged.
Abdominal examination showed ascites, decreased bowel sounds, and diffuse tenderness.
Abdominal examination revealed distension with diffuse tenderness, guarding and rigidity.
Although abdominal examination was unremarkable (with no hepatomegaly or splenomegaly), he was tender in the epigastric area.