abdominal cavity


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to abdominal cavity: pelvic cavity

cavity

 [kav´ĭ-te]
1. a hollow or space, or a potential space, within the body or one of its organs; called also caverna and cavum.
2. the lesion produced by dental caries.
Cavities in the body. From Applegate, 2000.
abdominal cavity the cavity of the body between the diaphragm above and the pelvis below, containing the abdominal organs.
absorption c's cavities in developing compact bone due to osteoclastic erosion, usually occurring in the areas laid down first.
amniotic cavity the closed sac between the embryo and the amnion, containing the amniotic fluid.
cranial cavity the space enclosed by the bones of the cranium.
glenoid cavity a depression in the lateral angle of the scapula for articulation with the humerus.
marrow cavity (medullary cavity) the cavity that contains bone marrow in the diaphysis of a long bone; called also medullary canal.
nasal cavity the proximal portion of the passages of the respiratory system, extending from the nares to the pharynx; it is divided into left and right halves by the nasal septum and is separated from the oral cavity by the hard palate.
oral cavity the cavity of the mouth, bounded by the jaw bones and associated structures (muscles and mucosa).
pelvic cavity the space within the walls of the pelvis.
pericardial cavity the potential space between the epicardium and the parietal layer of the serous pericardium.
peritoneal cavity the potential space between the parietal and the visceral peritoneum.
pleural cavity the potential space between the two layers of pleura.
pulp cavity the pulp-filled central chamber in the crown of a tooth.
cavity of septum pellucidum the median cleft between the two laminae of the septum pellucidum. Called also pseudocele, pseudocoele, and fifth ventricle.
serous cavity a coelomic cavity, like that enclosed by the pericardium, peritoneum, or pleura, not communicating with the outside of the body and lined with a serous membrane, i.e., one which secretes a serous fluid.
tension cavity cavities of the lung in which the air pressure is greater than that of the atmosphere.
thoracic cavity the portion of the ventral body cavity situated between the neck and the diaphragm; it contains the pleural cavity.
tympanic cavity the major portion of the middle ear, consisting of a narrow air-filled cavity in the temporal bone that contains the auditory ossicles and communicates with the mastoid air cells and the mastoid antrum by means of the aditus and the nasopharynx by means of the auditory tube. The middle ear and the tympanic cavity were formerly regarded as being synonymous.
uterine cavity the flattened space within the uterus communicating proximally on either side with the fallopian tubes and below with the vagina.

ab·dom·i·nal cav·i·ty

[TA]
the space bounded by the abdominal walls, the diaphragm, and the pelvis; it usually is arbitrarily separated from the pelvic cavity by a plane across the superior aperture of the pelvis; however, it may include the pelvis with the abdomen (see abdominopelvic cavity); within the cavitas lie the greater part of the organs of digestion, the spleen, the kidneys, and the suprarenal glands.

abdominal cavity

n.
The space bounded by the abdominal walls, diaphragm, and pelvis and containing the major organs of digestion, the spleen, the kidneys, and the adrenal glands.

abdominal cavity

the space within the abdominal walls between the diaphragm and the pelvic area, containing the liver, stomach, small intestine, colon, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys, and associated tissues and blood and lymphatic vessels, surrounded by the abdominal fascia.
enlarge picture
Abdominal cavity

abdominal cavity

A body space bounded superiorly by the diaphragm, laterally by the abdominal wall, inferiorly by the pelvis; the AC is separated from the pelvic cavity by an imaginary plane that passes across the superior opening of the pelvis.
 
Content
GI tract except oesophagus and anus, kidneys, spleen, adrenal glands.

abdominal cavity

Anatomy A body space bounded superiorly by the diaphragm, laterally by the abdominal wall, inferiorly by the pelvis; the AC is arbitrarily separated from the pelvic cavity by an imaginary plane that passes across the superior opening of the pelvis Content GI tract except esophagus and anus, kidneys, spleen, adrenal glands

ab·dom·i·nal cav·i·ty

(ab-dom'i-năl kav'i-tē) [TA]
The space bounded by the abdominal walls, the diaphragm, and the pelvis; it usually is arbitrarily separated from the pelvic cavity by a plane across the superior aperture of the pelvis; however, it may include the pelvis with the abdomen (see abdominopelvic cavity); withinthe cavity lie the greater part of the organsof digestion, spleen, kidneys, and suprarenal glands.
Synonym(s): enterocele (2) .

abdominal

pertaining to, affecting or originating in the abdomen. See also abdominal paracentesis, abdominal sounds.

abdominal binding
a wide bandage applied to the abdomen to raise intra-abdominal pressure. Its primary purposes are (1) to limit the displacement of the diaphragm during thoracic compression of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, thereby raising intrathoracic pressures achieved and improving forward blood flow, and (2) to maintain blood volume in the central circulation during hemorrhagic shock.
abdominal breathing
an abnormal form of respiratory movement in which the thorax is fixed and the inspiratory and expiratory movement of the lungs are carried out by the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles so that there are exaggerated movements of the abdominal wall.
abdominal cavity
the body cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvis; contains the abdominal organs.
abdominal enlargement
may result from fluid effusions (transudate, exudate or blood), enlargement of viscera (neoplasia, dilatation, engorgement or physiological phenomena, e.g. pregnancy), intra-abdominal masses or fat. Weakness of the abdominal wall usually results in a pendulous rather than enlarged abdomen.
abdominal lavage
see abdominal lavage.
abdominal muscle ischemia
an unexplained ischemic necrosis of the internal oblique muscle of ewes in late pregnancy which are carrying twins or triplets. Results in ventral hernia but often with little apparent effect on the ease of lambing.
abdominal muscles
the paired muscles of the flank and belly that surround and support the abdominal viscera.
abdominal pad
see abdominal pad.
abdominal pain
may arise from an abdominal organ, the peritoneum or be referred as from spinal nerves.
abdominal regions
arbitrary, descriptive subdivisions of the abdomen made up of three groups of three (like a noughts-and-crosses grid), three along the middle—xiphoid, umbilical and pubic, and three lateral pairs—hypochondriac, lateral abdominal and inguinal.
abdominal silhouette
the shape of the abdomen viewed from behind.
abdominal trier
see trier.
abdominal tunic
see tunica flava abdominis.
abdominal viscera
the organs contained within the abdominal cavity; they include the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, pancreas, and parts of the urinary and reproductive tracts.
abdominal wall
consists of the parietal peritoneum, the deep and superficial layers of fascia, the transverse abdominal, internal and external abdominal oblique muscles, the subcutaneous tissue and the skin. It contains the umbilicus, the cicatrix marking the entry point of the umbilical cord, and is traversed by the inguinal canal, and at its caudal extremity carries the prepubic tendon, the ventral attachment of the wall to the pubic bones.
abdominal wall rigidity
reflex response to pain of peritonitis, accompanied by pain on palpation or percussion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Only minimal amounts of the foam remained in the abdominal cavity and no significant amount of tissue stuck to the foam.
On 52 days old (CRL=80mm), metanephros had significant growth and had been occupied the upper abdominal cavity and on the other hand mesonephros was to the atrophia.
The abdominal cavity should be cleaned, dried, and cooled to <5 [degrees] C until the meat is processed.
A AN ectopic pregnancy is one which is not in the cavity of the uterus but is instead in one of the fallopian tubes or even, on rare occasions, free within the abdominal cavity.
The LapCap allows laparoscopic surgeons to safely, simply, rapidly, and predictably pass the Veress needle through the abdominal wall and into the abdominal cavity.
SurgiQuest's patented AirSeal System provides unprecedented access to the abdominal cavity during minimally invasive surgery ("MIS").
It's also possible to pump carbon dioxide through the tube to expand the abdominal cavity to see more detail.
Ultrasound was performed and revealed minimal fluid around the liver, but neither air nor gross fluid was visible in the abdominal cavity.
Fluid can also build up in the abdominal cavity and ulcers may develop on the legs.
The abdominal cavity of that fossil, besides containing the skeleton of a fetus, is yielding new clues about the adult's diet.
centers experienced some difficulty in entering the abdominal cavity during their initial experience with fertiloscopy, a variation on transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy imported from France.
The set-up is, as always, deceptively simple: A badger has taken root in Bart's dog's doghouse, even ripping open Homer's abdominal cavity.