Study name Statistics for each study Odds Lower Upper ratio limit limit

Z-Value p-Value Liu L.

If

z-value is positive, then, it is concluded that high values of the studied parameters have been clustered in the studied regions.

The

Z-value represents the temperature required for a one-log reduction in the D-value--the decimal reduction time--which is the time required at a certain temperature to kill 90% of a target organism.

Effect of CLA feeding on the growth performance of broiler chicken Items df Fixed effect model (3) (1) (2) ES

z-value p-value FBW 14 -0.

16% Non-parametric test (Mann-Whitney Test):

Z-value = -9.

804) and the

z-value is significant at the 1% level suggesting that firms rated by only domestic agencies have smaller exposure to systematic risk.

14 Arellano-Bond test for serial correlation Ho: no autocorrelation of first order

Z-value -10.

A chi-square contingency test for each of the five statements in Table 2 showed a

Z-value significant at the 0.

46 Table 2 Summary Table on Test of Significant Difference in Reading Culture of Students Based on Gender Calculated Table Statistics Male Female

Z-Value Value Number 4800 3700 Mean 2.

In the case of the specimens with offset tenons (set #4), the

Z-value for the 2.

The results showed that there is an enormous positive response of maize to rainfall variability in the entire region during 1973/1974 with

z-value of about 1.

1 Alternative Exact (Binomial) Normal Approximation using (P0) Hypothesis Decision Decision Prob level (5%)

Z-Value Prob Level (5%) P>P0 0.