Xenopsylla cheopis

Xenopsylla cheopis

A species that infests rats; other hosts include humans. This species is a vector for a number of pathogens including Hymenolepis nana (the dwarf tapeworm); Salmonella organisms; the causative organisms of bubonic and sylvatic plague and endemic typhus. Synonym: rat flea
See also: Xenopsylla

Xenopsylla

a genus of fleas, including more than 30 species, many of which transmit disease-producing microorganisms.

Xenopsylla cheopis
the rat flea, which transmits Pasteurella pestis, the causative organism of plague and Rickettsia typhi, the causative organism of murine typhus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Murine typhus, caused by Rickettsia typhi, is typically transmitted to humans by Xenopsylla cheopis, a flea that infests rats.
Through the same trade routes, the pathogen of Plague, the bacterium Yersinia pestis (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) van Loghem 1944, was also brought to Europe by its carrier, the Oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis (Rothschild) (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) on rodents that hitchhiked trade ships from the Orient.
Lorange et al (32) revisited the blocking propensity of Xenopsylla cheopis, and reported a maximum rate of 38% in this model species while many other species block less readily.
18) Frank Prince, "Tularemia, Attempted Transmission by Each of Two Species of Fleas: Xenopsylla cheopis (Rolls) and Diamanus montanus (Baker)," Government Printing Office, Washington, D.
norvegicus]) in urban areas and the rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis (3).
Molecular detection and identification of Bartonella species in Xenopsylla cheopis fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) collected from Rattus norvegicus rats in Los Angeles, California.
To the Editor: Fleaborne disease is highly prevalent in Laos, mainly attributed to murine typhus (Rickettsia typhi infection), transmitted by Xenopsylla cheopis fleas, but data on other fleaborne diseases are limited (1).
In Madagascar, Xenopsylla cheopis fleas have been known as the primary plague vector in urban areas, whereas Synopsyllus fonquerniei fleas have been usually involved in plague transmission in rural areas (2).
Molecular detection and identification of Bartonella species in Xenopsylla cheopis (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae)collectedfromRattus norvegicus in Los Angeles, California.
A minority of these genera live in close association with humans (synanthropic), including fleas of these species: Pulex irritans, Ctenocephalides felis, Ctenocephalides canis, Xenopsylla cheopis, Nosopsyllus fasciatus, Echidnophaga gallinacea, and Tunga penetrans (1).
Rickettsia felis in Xenopsylla cheopis, Java, Indonesia.
Rickettsiafelis in Xenopsylla cheopis, Java, Indonesia.