Xenopsylla cheopis

Xenopsylla cheopis

A species that infests rats; other hosts include humans. This species is a vector for a number of pathogens including Hymenolepis nana (the dwarf tapeworm); Salmonella organisms; the causative organisms of bubonic and sylvatic plague and endemic typhus. Synonym: rat flea
See also: Xenopsylla

Xenopsylla

a genus of fleas, including more than 30 species, many of which transmit disease-producing microorganisms.

Xenopsylla cheopis
the rat flea, which transmits Pasteurella pestis, the causative organism of plague and Rickettsia typhi, the causative organism of murine typhus.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, fossilized remains of Xenopsylla cheopis fleas and the Rattus black rats have been found in the Egyptian Nile Valley, dating their arrival in the Middle East to 1350 BCE.
Registro de Xenopsylla cheopis como hospedero intermediario natural de Hymenolepis diminuta en Lima, Peru.
Through the same trade routes, the pathogen of Plague, the bacterium Yersinia pestis (Lehmann and Neumann 1896) van Loghem 1944, was also brought to Europe by its carrier, the Oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis (Rothschild) (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) on rodents that hitchhiked trade ships from the Orient.
Este tifus, es transmitido por la pulga Xenopsylla cheopis que puede picar al ser humano al entrar en contacto directo con los roedores (4, 41), (Figura 2).
Xenopsylla cheopis record as natural intermediate host of Hymenolepis diminuta in Lima, Peru
typhi esta ampliamente distribuida en el continente, junto con las ratas sinantropicas y su pulga Xenopsylla cheopis (185).
Lorange et al (32) revisited the blocking propensity of Xenopsylla cheopis, and reported a maximum rate of 38% in this model species while many other species block less readily.
The classical vector for transmission is the oriental rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, but over 1500 flea species can transmit Ye.
18) Frank Prince, "Tularemia, Attempted Transmission by Each of Two Species of Fleas: Xenopsylla cheopis (Rolls) and Diamanus montanus (Baker)," Government Printing Office, Washington, D.
It is transmitted to humans by the oriental rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis, family Pulicidae.
Worldwide, especially in tropical and subtropical areas, the roof rat (Rattus rattus) and Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) have been the principal reservoirs, with the rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis, as the principal vector (2,6).
En la Sierra peruana se han reportado acaros de las especies Dermanyssus gallinae, Chirodiscoides caviae, Trixacarus caviae, Ornithonyssus sylviarum, piojos de las especies Trimenopon hispidum, Gyropus ovalis y Gliricola porcelli, y pulgas de las especies Leptopsylla segnis, Tiamastus cavicola, Pulex simulans, Pulex irritans, Ctenocephalides canis, Cteno cephalides felis felis, Echidnophaga gallinacea y Xenopsylla cheopis (Florian, 1999; Dittmar, 2001; Levano y Chauca, 2008; Flores, 2010), en tanto que en la Costa fueron reportadas todas las especies mencionadas a excepcion de C.