Xanthorrhoea


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Xanthorrhoea

Australian plant genus in the family Xanthorrhoeaceae; contains an unidentified toxin which causes posterior incoordination (wamps) with urinary incontinence in cattle; have also caused red coloration of urine; flower spikes most toxic. Includes X. australis, X. fulva (X. hastile, X. hastilis), X. johnsonii, X. minor subsp. lutea. Also called grasstree, blackboy.
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Other plants included species of Bambusa, Blechnum, Calamus, Durvillaea, Dianella, Dioscorea, Oryza, Pteridium, Phragmites, Scirpus, Triodia, Typha and Xanthorrhoea.
Gathering was done by women, who searched for insects (and their larvae and eggs), worms and slugs; roots of the wild yam (Dioscorea); water-lily (Nymphaea stellata) seeds; purslane (Portulaca); fruits of sedge; some parts of Eucalyptus trees; and the wood, resin, roots, and flower buds of Xanthorrhoea.
Distinctive understorey species are Xanthorrhoea media, Persoonia levis, Acacia terminalis, B.
Dominant species include Messmate Eucalyptus obliqua, Brown Stringybark Eucalyptus baxteri, Austral Grass Tree Xanthorrhoea australis, Silver Banksia Banksia marginata, Prickly Tea-tree Leptospermum continentale, Heath Tea-tree Leptospermum myrsinoides, Common Flat-pea Platylobium obtusangulum, Scrub She-oak Allocasuarina paludosa, Thatch Saw-sedge Gahnia radula, Austral Bracken Pteridium esculentum and Common Rapier-sedge Lepidosperma filiforme.
Asparagales Iridaceae Aristeoideae Aristea Nivenioideae Klattia Nivenia Schizostylis Witsenia Xanthorrhoeaceae Xanthorrhoeoideae Xanthorrhoea Asphodeloideae Aloe Gasteria Haworthia Trachyandra Asparagaceae Aphyllanthoideae Aphyllanthes Agavoideae Agave Beaucarnea Calibanus Chlorophytum Dasylirion Dracaena Furcraea Hesperaloe Hesperoyucca Nolina Pleomele Thysanotus Yucca Lomandroideae Cordyline Lomandra