Wrongful Adoption

An adoption that should or would not have occurred had the relevant facts about the child or the child’s biological parents been made available to the adoptive parents. Information may have been deliberately misrepresented or withheld by the adopting agency, resulting in the defrauding of adoptive parents
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Naturalmente no sabemos en que sentido va a decidir la alta corporacion; sin embargo, desde ya podemos preguntarnos si la figura--odiosa si se quiere--del wrongful adoption o "adopcion injusta" (como es denominada en Estados unidos, donde se reconocio por primera vez) constituye o puede llegar a constituir una hipotesis emergente de responsabilidad patrimonial en colombia.
dado por los adoptantes dentro del proceso de adopcion respectivo (como tambien constituye la causa en los casos de wrongful birth o 'nacimiento injusto'--en cuyo caso los padres demandan en nombre propio al medico o profesional sanitario por el 'falso negativo' del hijo biologico (15)--y wrongful life o 'vida injusta'--en cuyo caso el nino, normalmente representado por sus padres, demanda al medico o profesional sanitario por su 'falso negativo'--; en aquellos ordenamientos donde estas figuras son admitidas (16)), lo que daria lugar al ilicito conocido en el derecho comparado como wrongful adoption o 'adopcion injusta'.
En el derecho comparado encontramos que el primero en reconocer este supuesto de ilicito fue Estados Unidos (18), en donde se advierte que seis de sus estados han reconocido responsabilidad por wrongful adoption ante la presencia de fraude y omision negligente de informacion; el primero de dichos casos se remonta a 1986 (Burr v.
Otro ordenamiento que ha recibido la figura del wrongful adoption es el del Reino unido, el cual en diciembre de 2002 reconocio por primera vez el derecho de los padres adoptivos a reclamar danos a una agencia de adopcion por no haber sido informados sobre los antecedentes del nino antes de la adopcion (26).
The court said that when the adoptive parents relied on the false representation by the agency and were induced to adopt the child and, subsequently suffered a financial loss, the agency had committed wrongful adoption.
Feeling betrayed and facing a mountain of medical expenses and care costs for Alex, the Hogans sued the home for wrongful adoption, alleging the caseworker had been negligent in failing to disclose the birth mother's background.
Appellate courts in at least 10 states have specifically recognized some form of wrongful adoption since the Ohio Supreme Court first recognized the tort in Burr v.
With the evolution of wrongful adoption lawsuits," Freundlich said, "there are many incentives that have communicated to agencies how important it is that the necessary information is shared.
The Supreme Court of Montana has recognized a cause of action for wrongful adoption, holding the state liable for failing to disclose information to adoptive parents about birth parents with psychological impairments.
The ruling brought New York within the ranks of a growing minority of states that have recognized claims for wrongful adoption.
Marianne Blair, a family law professor at the University of Tulsa College of Law and an authority on wrongful adoption law.
The first wrongful adoption claim was recognized by the Supreme Court of Ohio in 1986.