World Health Organization


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World Health Organization

 (WHO)
the specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with health on an international level. The agency was founded in 1948 and in its constitution are listed the following objectives:

Health is a state of complete physical and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The enjoyment of the highest attainable standards of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, or economic or social condition. The health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security and is dependent upon the fullest cooperation of individuals and States. The achievement of any State in the promotion and protection of health is of value to all.

The major specific aims of the WHO are:

1. To strengthen the health services of member nations, improving the teaching standards in medicine and allied professions, and advising and helping generally in the field of health.

2. To promote better standards for nutrition, housing, recreation, sanitation, and economic and working conditions.

3. To improve maternal and child health and welfare.

4. To advance progress in the field of mental health.

5. To encourage and conduct research on problems of public health.

In carrying out these aims and objectives the WHO functions as a directing and coordinating authority on international health. It serves as a center for all types of global and health information, promotes uniform guarantee standards and international sanitary regulations, provides advisory services through public health experts in control of disease, and sets up international standards for the manufacture of all important drugs. Through its teams of physicians, nurses, and other health personnel it provides modern medical skills and knowledge to communities throughout the world.

World Health Or·ga·ni·za·tion (WHO),

(wŏrld helth ōr'ga-ni-zā'shŭn),
An organization of the United Nations having as its aim "the attainment of all peoples of the highest possible level of health" (Article 1, UN Charter). It is concerned in particular with major health problems the solutions for which warrant the cooperation of many countries, such as campaigns against transmissible diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. It establishes international standards for biologic preparations and norms for substances such as insecticides, maintains a current international pharmacopeia and international health regulations, collects and disseminates epidemiologic information, and encourages the exchange of scientific knowledge. Regional programs promote mental health, maternal and child care, dental health, public health administration, and education of both the health care professions and the public in health matters. It conducts an extensive research program, convenes numerous international scientific meetings, and publishes periodicals and reports in several languages. It also plays an important role in the standardization of medical terminology.

World Health Organization (WHO)

an intergovernmental organization within the United Nations system whose purpose is to aid in the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all people. Programs include education for current health issues, proper food supply and nutrition, safe water and sanitation, maternal and child health, immunization against major infectious diseases, and prevention and control of diseases. WHO is coordinating global strategies to control and prevent acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Its functions include furnishing technical assistance, stimulating and advancing epidemiological investigation of diseases, recommending health regulations, promoting cooperation among scientific and professional health groups, and providing information and counsel relating to health matters. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.

World Health Or·ga·ni·za·tion

(WHO) (wŏrld helth ōr'găn-ī-zā'shŭn)
A unit of the United Nations devoted to international health problems.

World Health Organization

An organization of major importance established in 1948 as an agency of the United Nations to promote the health of all peoples. The Headquarters of WHO is in Geneva and there are regional offices for all continents. WHO organizes campaigns against infectious diseases and sponsors research in medical laboratories all over the world. It provides expert advice on all matters directly or indirectly concerned with physical or mental health to all its member states. The eradication of SMALLPOX was a major achievement of WHO and in 1981 the organization adopted a policy of health for all by the year 2000. This is an unrealistic goal since so much depends on economic factors, but WHO has formulated specific targets for the provision of such fundamental public health needs as clean drinking water, sewage disposal, adequate nutrition, universal immunization programs and assaults on the major health hazard of smoking.

World Health Organization (WHO)

An international organization concerned with world health and welfare.

World Health Organization (WHO),

n entity under the authority of the United Nations with a mission to promote the best possible health care for all the world's citizens. Sponsors educational programs that inform people about sanitation, safe water, food supply, and nutrition issues. Also actively involved in the ongoing effort to stop the spread of AIDS worldwide. See also AIDS.

World Health Or·ga·ni·za·tion

(WHO) (wŏrld helth ōr'găn-ī-zā'shŭn)
Branch of the United Nations having as its aim "the attainment of all peoples of the highest possible level of health" (Article 1, UN Charter).

World Health Organization (WHO),

n.pr an agency of the United Nations concerned with worldwide and regional health problems. Its functions include furnishing technical assistance, stimulating and advancing epidemiologic investigation of diseases, recommending health regulations, promoting cooperation among scientific and professional health groups, and providing information and counsel relating to health matters.

World Health Organization

the specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with human health on an international level; abbreviated WHO. The agency was founded in 1948 and in its constitution are listed the following objectives.
'Health is a state of complete physical and social well being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The enjoyment of the highest attainable standards of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition. The health of all peoples is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security and is dependent upon the fullest cooperation of individuals and States. The achievement of any State in the promotion and protection of health is of value to all'.
The major specific aims of the WHO are as follows:
(1) To strengthen the health services of member nations, improving the teaching standards in medicine and allied professions, and advising and helping generally in the field of health.
(2) To promote better standards for nutrition, housing, recreation, sanitation, economic and working conditions.
(3) To improve maternal and child health and welfare.
(4) To advance progress in the field of mental health.
(5) To encourage and conduct research on problems of public health.
In carrying out these aims and objectives the WHO functions as a directing and coordinating authority on international health. It serves as a center for all types of global and health information, promotes uniform quarantine standards and international sanitary regulations, provides advisory services through public health experts in control of disease and sets up international standards for the manufacture of all important drugs. Through its teams of physicians, nurses and other health personnel it provides modern medical skills and knowledge to communities throughout the world.
References in periodicals archive ?
SIEGEL: I feel it might be useful for me to point out my participation in, first, the creation of the World Health Organization, and my role as assistant director general for 24 years, which is when I reached retirement age.
London: World Health Organization, Government of the United Kingdom; January 26-28, 1988.
CONTACT: World Health Organization, 525 23rd Street NW, Washington, DC 20037/(202)974-3000.
Last week, Merck officials announced plans, in cooperation with the World Health Organization, to donate ivermectin to interested countries.
Address for correspondence: John Watson, Communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, 20 Ave Appia, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland; email: WatsonJ@who.
VACCINES: Immunizations are saving 3 million lives a year but could save 3 million more with more investment and less expensive vaccines, UNICEF, the World Health Organization and the World Bank said in a report released in Dakar, Senegal.
We, the undersigned, in light of recent statements by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control, urge all people to cease the rectal use of products containing Nonoxynol-9 (N-9).
As the World Health Organization pushes for an international tobacco control treaty by 2002, the cigarette maker is jumping onto the regulation bandwagon.
Responding to the growing worldwide interest in herbal medicines, an affiliate of the World Health Organization on Wednesday announced an initiative to begin gathering information on the safety and effectiveness of these products.
In this slim volume, The World Health Organization presents readers with a comprehensive resource outlining a public health approach to sexuality-related communication between public health practitioners and health care providers and various communities.
Additional information about GRSW and the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety, as well as ideas on how to get involved in promoting road safety for children is available from the World Health Organization.

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