monosodium glutamate

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monosodium glutamate

 [mon″o-so´de-um]
a salt of glutamic acid, used as a pharmaceutic necessity, and also used to enhance the flavor of foods. See also Chinese restaurant syndrome.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate (MSG),

(mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt),
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.

monosodium glutamate

/mono·so·di·um glu·ta·mate/ (-so´de-um) the monosodium salt of -glutamic acid, used as a pharmaceutic necessity and to enhance the flavor of foods.

monosodium glutamate (MSG)

[-sō′dē·əm]
a food flavor enhancer derived from naturally occurring salt of glutamic acid and a cause of Chinese restaurant syndrome. It is also used in the treatment of encephalopathies associated with liver disorders. Also called sodium glutamate.

MSG

A flavour-enhancing amino acid used in processed, packaged and fast foods, which is an excitatory neurotransmitter and neurotoxin. Other sources with up to 40% MSG include autolysed yeast, calcium caseinate, sodium caseinate, and hydrolysed and texturised proteins.
 
Toxicity
Headaches, heart palpitations, skin flushing, tightness of the chest. MSG may cause convulsions when injected into the peritoneal cavity of experimental animals, stimulating neurons until they die, an effect that has been implicated in brain damage in strokes, hypoglycaemia, trauma, seizures, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s diseases and Guam-type amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; domoic aoid, a potent glutamate analogue, may cause toxic poisoning in mussel eaters, possibly causing an Alzheimer’s-like disease.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.

monosodium glutamate

The sodium salt of glutamic acid produced by acids or enzyme action on vegetable protein such as wheat gluten or soya bean. Monosodium glutamate is used as a culinary seasoning and flavouring agent and is believed to be responsible for the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME. Also known as Ajinomoto, Vetsin, Chinese seasoning, Accent or Zest.

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(MSG) (mon'ō-sō'dē-ŭm glū'tă-māt)
Monosodium salt of naturally occurring levorotatory form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to the colloquially named "Chinese restaurant" syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
fter weeks of uncertainty, the activist, his wife Yuan Weijing and their two children were allowed to fly to the US on 19 May.
Chen himself and his wife Yuan Weijing have reportedly been severely beaten and threatened.
Yuan Weijing, whose husband Chen Guangcheng is serving a four-year prison term, said the number of guards keeping her under constant surveillance at her home in eastern Shandong Province and restricting her movements has quadrupled to more than 40 since before the run-up to the Olympic Games.
Shiping Zhan, Jianpeng Ren, Weijing Wang, Qicheng Zhao, Jinxia Zhou
According to a report in The Telegraph, Chen was escorted from the embassy by Kurt Campbell, the US Assistant Secretary of State, and taken to a local hospital where he was reunited with his wife, Yuan Weijing, his 11-year-old son Kerui, and his seven-year-old daughter Kesi.