wasting syndrome


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Related to wasting syndrome: Cerebral salt wasting syndrome, Kaposi Sarcoma

wast·ing syn·drome

1. Synonym(s): runting syndrome
2. progressive involuntary weight loss seen in patients with HIV infection; may be due to a number of factors acting alone or in combination, including inadequate oral intake of food, altered metabolic state, and malabsorption. Does not respond to increased caloric intake. Defined as profound involuntary weight loss of greater than 10% of baseline body weight, plus either chronic diarrhea (at least two loose stools per day for more than 30 days) or chronic weakness and documented fever (for more than 30 days, intermittent or constant) in the absence of concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the findings (such as cancer, tuberculosis, cryptosporidiosis, or other specific enteritis). Synonym(s): HIV wasting syndrome
Synonym(s): slim disease

wast·ing syn·drome

1. Synonym(s): runting syndrome
2. progressive involuntary weight loss seen in patients with HIV infection; may be due to a number of factors acting alone or in combination, including inadequate oral intake of food, altered metabolic state, and malabsorption. Does not respond to increased caloric intake. Defined as profound involuntary weight loss of greater than 10% of baseline body weight, plus either chronic diarrhea (at least two loose stools per day for more than 30 days) or chronic weakness and documented fever (for more than 30 days, intermittent or constant) in the absence of concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the findings (such as cancer, tuberculosis, cryptosporidiosis, or other specific enteritis). Synonym(s): HIV wasting syndrome
Synonym(s): slim disease

wasting syndrome

a condition characterized by weight loss associated with chronic fever and diarrhea. Over a period of 1 month, the patient may lose 10% of baseline body weight. In cases of human immunodeficiency virus infection, the malnutrition of wasting exacerbates the condition.
A clinical complex associated with chronic renal insufficiency, which is attributed to a combination of poor nutrition, endocrine dysfunction, catabolic stresses—e.g., infection, uremia, dialysis. Wasting is also related to anorexia, and protein catabolism secondary to infection

wasting syndrome

Any clinical complex associated with chronic renal insufficiency, attributed to a combination of poor nutrition, endocrine dysfunction, catabolic stresses–eg, infection, uremia, dialysis; starvation causes death at 66% of ideal body weight. See Starvation.

wast·ing syn·drome

(wāst'ing sin'drōm)
Progressive involuntary weight loss seen in patients with HIV infection; may be due to a number of factors acting alone or in combination, including inadequate oral intake of food, altered metabolic state, and/or malabsorption. Does not respond to increased caloric intake. Defined as profound involuntary weight loss of greater than 10% of baseline body weight, plus either chronic diarrhea (at least two loose stools per day for more than 30 days) or chronic weakness and documented fever (for more than 30 days, intermittent or constant) in the absence of concurrent illness or condition other than HIV infection that could explain the findings (e.g., cancer, tuberculosis, cryptosporidiosis, or other specific enteritis).
Synonym(s): HIV wasting syndrome.

Wasting syndrome

A progressive loss of weight and muscle tissue caused by the AIDS virus.
Mentioned in: AIDS

wasting

used in a general sense to indicate serious loss of body weight, or locally to indicate atrophy.

wasting acetonemia
chronic wasting disease (CWD)
a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy affecting both farmed and wild elk and deer in certain states of North America. There is concern that it is currently spreading to infect wild cervid populations in states not previously infected. There is no evidence that it can transmit to humans.
postweaning multisystem wasting syndrome (PMWS)
was first described in 1991 in Western Canada and has since become widespread in North America and Europe. Produces slow progressive wasting in postweaned pigs with usually a low attack rate but high case fatality. Clinical signs and postmortem findings vary with some pigs jaundiced, some with diarrhea, but most with grossly enlarged inguinal lymph nodes. Respiratory signs are often associated with underlying interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary edema. The cause is uncertain, but caused at least in part by porcine circovirus 2 which is isolated from affected pigs usually in association with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS). Clinical disease is more common in high health herds, but pigs are often infected without showing clinical disease. Cases of porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome (PDNS) are often seen in herds affected with PMWS. See also porcine dermatitis and neuropathy syndrome.
wasting syndrome
used to describe terminal stages of feline immunodeficiency virus infection; similar to the cachexia associated with neoplasia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our MGH research team assessed the effects of testosterone replacement therapy in women with AIDS wasting syndrome during a 12 week, placebo-controlled study using TheraTech's experimental transdermal testosterone patch for women.
The effect of immuno-modulation on the clinical and pathological expression of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome.
Deltoid muscle biopsy samples of 30 patients (of whom 26 were male) with the wasting syndrome, revealed that 11 patients had HIV-related myopathy.
Spatial and temporal patterns of pig herds diagnosed with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) during the first two years of its occurrence in Denmark.
Post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome is a common viral disease of pigs identified in the UK only in 1999, which has now spread across the country.
Prominent diagnoses were elaphostrongylosis (18%), moose wasting syndrome (11%), and accidental death (11%).
The case revolved around the question of whether doctors have the right to recommend medical marijuana as a treatment to certain patients, such as those suffering from wasting syndrome or from nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy.
Conditions like wasting syndrome are frequent in the more advanced cases.
Post weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome is killing thousands of piglets every month.
Patients manifest a wasting syndrome and present with persistent fever, weight loss, and frequently chronic respiratory symptoms.
So the agency made another cautious revision, with encephalopathy (dementia) and wasting syndrome being the most notable additions to the list of indicator conditions.