viral load

(redirected from Viral burden)
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load

 [lōd]
the quantity of something that is carried or borne.
case load the number of patients under the care of an individual health care worker.
viral load the number of copies of RNA of a given virus per milliliter of blood.

viral load

n.
The concentration of a virus, such as HIV, in the blood.

viral load

measurement of the amount of human immunodeficiency virus in the blood expressed as copies per milliliter. Plasma viremia is used to guide treatment decisions and monitor response to treatment. See also viremia.

viral load

The amount of a specific virus–eg, HIV, in a person–eg, a Pt with AIDS. See bDNA signal amplification, HIV RNA.

vi·ral load

(vī'răl lōd)
The plasma level of viral RNA, as determined by various techniques including target amplification assay by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and branched DNA technology with signal amplification. Because levels of detection vary with method, results of testing by different methods are not comparable.

viral load,

n a measure of the number of virus particles present in the bloodstream, expressed as copies per milliliter. This measurement helps in treatment decisions and to monitor the efficacy of a treatment.
References in periodicals archive ?
With regard to the latter, the development of simpler, more cost-effective tests, which could assess viral burden and immune function, to replace viral loads and [CD4.
SAN FRANCISCO -- Despite the availability of drugs that greatly decrease the viral burden in patients infected with HIV, it's important to remember that "we haven't cured anyone with this infection yet," Dr.
Viral load, which is also referred to as viral burden, is like a census of the actual number of HIV copies inhabiting the body.
2) The viral burden in blood and genital secretions is particularly high during this brief period, resulting in individuals with AHI being highly infectious.
Antiviral activity will be measured by changes in viral burden from baseline in an individual patient's condition and across all patients with a given dsDNA virus.
The viral burden in peripheral blood mononuclear cells is relatively low at this time.
However, pVL is only a surrogate marker of genital tract viral burden [6-8].
While RNA assays for HIV may not be ready for the clinic, Mellors' study clearly implies that a lower viral burden delays the development of AIDS.
Our RNA-loaded, dendritic cell-based immunotherapy is perfectly matched to each patient's unique HIV viral burden, allowing for a remarkable decrease in viral diversity post-AGS-004 treatment.
True (A) or false (B)--click on the correct answer: Because of the high viral burden in the blood and genital secretions in AHI, a disproportionate amount of HIV transmission may occur during this time.
Viral burden as a marker of persistent human papillomavirus infection may predict risk for subsequent cervical cancer precursors, reported Dr.