Viperidae


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Related to Viperidae: Elapidae, Colubridae

Vi·per·i·dae

(vī-per'i-dē),
A family of poisonous Old World snakes, the true vipers, composed of about 50 species and characterized by two relatively long caniculated fangs at the front of the upper jaw that are attached to movable bones, allowing them to be erect during the bite when the mouth is open, and folded into a palatal skin fold when the jaws are shut.
[L. vipera, viper]

Viperidae

(vī-per′ĭ-dē) [L. vipera, snake or serpent + -idea]
The scientific name for a family of venomous snakes found nearly worldwide, having long, hinged fangs allowing deep penetration and injection of venom. The family includes the European viper, gaboon viper, puff adder, Russel viper, and saw-scaled viper.
References in periodicals archive ?
Entre los reptiles venezolanos, solo las familias Elapidae y Viperidae, incluyen serpientes cuyos venenos son capaces de provocar alteraciones fisiopatologicas que pueden conducir a la muerte del paciente (Navarrete et al.
Viperidae, subfamily Crotalinae, includes the Crotalus genus (rattlesnakes), Agkistrodon genus (copperheads and cottonmouths) and the Bothrops genus (Ferdelance).
taxispilota Georgia Camp (1980) North Carolina Collins (1969) Seminatrix pygaea Florida Parker (1941) Viperidae Agkistrodon piscivorus Louisiana Rabalais (1969) leucostoma A.
The highly accessible text describes the behavior and care in captivity of venomous snakes from the Elapidae family (cobras, kraits, coral snakes); Viperidae family (adders, vipers); and Crotalidae family (pitvipers).
The ability of pitvipers (family Viperidae, subfamily Crotalinae) to detect thermal (infrared) cues arising from endothermic prey is well documented, especially during the initial (prestrike) stages of predatory episodes (see Molenaar, 1992, for a review).