muscle dysmorphia

(redirected from Vigorexia)
A specific type of body dysmorphic disorder in which a person—usually male, average age 20—becomes obsessed with building muscle to the point where it impacts on his/her interactions with others, employment and his self-image. It is regarded as a treatment-resistant mental disorder, which typically occurs in bodybuilders who, while very muscular and physically fit, see a '97-pound weakling' in the mirror
Risk factors Bullying during primary, secondary school, family dysfunction, perfectionism, severe stress, aesthetic focus and negative influence of mass culture that promotes an idealised Arnold Schwarzenegger-type body
Management Antidepressants

muscle dysmorphia

Sports medicine A mental disorder seen in bodybuilders who, although very muscular and physically fit, still see the proverbial “90-pound weakling” when viewing themselves in the mirror Management Antidepressants. Cf Anorexia nervosa.

muscle dysmorphia

, muscle dysmorphic disorder
A body image disorder principally experienced by males, characterized by excessive fear about one's body size, esp. a concern that one's muscles are not large enough. Boys affected by muscle dysmorphia often take drugs, e.g., androgenic or anabolic steroids, to increase their body size. The syndrome is also known colloquially as bigorexia or vigorexia.
Synonym: reverse anorexia See: body dysmorphic disorder

Muscle dysmorphia

A subtype of BDD, described as excessive preoccupation with muscularity and body building to the point of interference with social, educational, or occupational functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
Os estudos realizados apontam a anorexia e a vigorexia (YATES et al.
Na "dependencia secundaria", o exercicio fisico apresenta-se como um suporte importante na manutencao do peso corporal, que, em casos extremos, desencadeiam anorexia e bulimia nervosa para o sexo feminino e a vigorexia, para o sexo masculino, com uso excessivo de recursos ergogenicos (DE COVERLY VEALE, 1987).
Entre os homens dependentes, pela incidencia de uso de recursos ergogenicos, ha evidencias de que a dependencia de exercicios fisicos relativa ao uso de suplementos desencadeia um grupo de risco para o desenvolvimento da sindrome de Adonis ou dismorfia muscular, que e a visao distorcida do perfil muscular autopercebido e a vigorexia (POPE et al.
Por ello, hay que estar precavido ante los supuestos nuevos diagnosticos clinicos: sindrome posvacacional, sindrome de Diogenes, vigorexia, sindrome de alienacion parental, sindrome de Ulises, por citar algunos de los mas difundidos a nivel popular.