vesico-ureteral reflux


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vesico-ureteral reflux

Reflux nephropathy, ureteral reflux, vesicoureteric reflux Urology The retrograde flow of urine from the bladder into the ureters which occurs when the unidirectional valve-like flow between the ureters and bladder fails; bladder infection may cause pyelonephritis, and expose the kidney to high pressures, which over time damages the kidney and causes scarring Etiology Bladder infection, stones, bladder outlet obstruction, neurogenic bladder, and abnormal ureters or number of ureters
References in periodicals archive ?
Indications for surgery are typically large diverticula with complications of incomplete emptying, including recurrent stone formation (5%-16%), recurrent UTIs (13%-73%), spontaneous rupture, and vesico-ureteral reflux mostly with children.