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paralysis of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and spinal accessory nerves due to a lesion in the region of the jugular foramen.
Etymology: Maurice Vernet, French neurologist, b. 1887-1974
a neurological disorder caused by injury to the ninth, tenth, and eleventh cranial nerves as they pass through the jugular foramen when leaving the skull. Often associated with vascular neoplasms or carotid dissections or aneurysms. Symptoms include unilateral flaccid paralysis of the palatal, pharyngeal, and intrinsic laryngeal muscles and the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. The patient also experiences dysphagia, a nasal and hoarse voice, and, occasionally, some loss of taste sensations. Also called jugular foramen syndrome.