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(vuh-lare-ee-en) ,


(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),

Belgium Valerian

(trade name),

Common Valerian

(trade name),

Fragrant Valerian

(trade name),

Garden Heliotrope

(trade name),

Garden Valerian

(trade name),

Indian Valerian

(trade name),

Mexican Valerian

(trade name),

Pacific Valerian

(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),

Valeriana officinalis

(trade name),

Valerianae radix

(trade name),

Valeriana rhizome

(trade name),


(trade name)


Therapeutic: antianxiety agents


May increase concentrations of the inhibitory CNS transmitter GABA.

Therapeutic effects

Improvement in sleep quality.


Absorption: Unknown.
Distribution: Unknown.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown.
Half-life: Unknown.

Time/action profile

PO30–60 min2 hrunknown


Contraindicated in: Pregnancy and lactation.
Use Cautiously in: Alcohol use (may have additive sedative effects); Surgery (discontinue use 2 weeks prior to elective procedures).

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Central nervous system

  • drowsiness
  • headache


  • dry mouth


  • Benzodiazepine-like withdrawal symptoms with discontinuation after long-term use


Additive CNS depression with alcohol, antihistamines, anesthetic agentssedative hypnotics and other CNS depressants.Alcohol-containing preparations may interact with disulfiram and metronidazole.Additive sedative effects can occur when used with herbal supplements with sedative properties such as kava, l-tryptophan, melatonin, SAMe, and St. John's wort.
Oral (Adults) Tea—1 cup tea 1–5 times daily. Tea is made by steeping 2–3 g root in 150 mL boiling water for 5–10 min then straining. Tincture—1–3 mL 1–5 times daily. Extract—400–900 mg up to 2 hours before bedtime or 300–450 mg divided tid.


Capsules: OTC
Extract: OTC
Tea: OTC
Tincture: OTC

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess degree of anxiety and level of sedation prior to and periodically throughout therapy.
  • Assess sleep patterns.
  • Assess response in the elderly population where drowsiness and loss of balance may pose a significant risk for injury.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Anxiety (Indications)
Risk for injury (Side Effects)


  • Take one to two hours before bedtime if used for nighttime hypnotic.
  • Administer orally three to five times daily to control anxiety.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Encourage patients to avoid stimulants such as caffeine and to provide an environment that promotes restful sleep.
  • May cause drowsiness. Caution patient to avoid driving or other activities requiring alertness until response to drug is known.
  • Caution patient to avoid use of alcohol and other medications or herbals that have a sedative effect; may increase drowsiness.
  • Advise patients to discontinue 2 weeks prior to elective surgical procedures.
  • Inform patients not to take this herbal supplement if pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Notify patients that dependence with withdrawal symptoms may develop with prolonged use.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Decreased anxiety level.
  • Improvement in sleep with a feeling of restfulness without drowsiness upon awakening.


a genus of herbaceous plants providing second class forage for livestock. Has a fleshy root containing valeric acid. V. officinalis is used for extraction of commercial valeric acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sedative and sleep-enhancing properties of linarin, a flavonoid-isolated from Valeriana officinalis.
Compared to the precious zone proportion of paramo taxa decreased (45%), mainly due to Poaceae (20%) and Valeriana (4%).
En el genero Valeriana algunas investigaciones senalan que los principales principios activos serian los valepotriatos, lignanos, flavonoides, taninos, acidos fenolicos y aceites esenciales (Kutschker et al.
Alli se ubica la aparicion de la Valeriana enmarcada dentro de la politica de propaganda llevada a cabo por los Reyes Catolicos.
Ate o momento, pouco se sabe a respeito do efeito de fitoterapicos sobre a diminuicao da agressividade em codornas japonesas, sendo o objetivo do presente trabalho, a realizacao de pesquisas nesta area, a fim avaliar o efeito da valeriana sobre os parametros comportamentais e fisiologicos destas aves, uma vez que apresentam comportamento agressivo e agitado, que podem afetar o bem estar das aves.
The ethanol extract from Valeriana pavonii could be classified according to the Globally Harmonized Classification System for Chemical Substances and Mixtures (GHS) (12) under the fifth category, taking into account that the administration of this extract in a single 2000-mg/kg dose produced no deaths or signs of toxicity.
Maximum decrease in frequency was recorder in Valeriana wallichii followed by Viola biflora while Paeonia emodi and Podophyllum emodi were completely disappeared from the overgrazed site.
2007), suplementando a dieta de codornas com valeriana, nao verificaram efeitos significativos durante a fase de recria.
Aa AaAaAaAa The other two finalists - Sister Valeriana GarcE[degrees]a-MartE[degrees]n of BogotEi, Colombia, and Father Hans Stapel of GuaratinguetEi, Brazil - each received $100,000 awards.
Podemos hacer una seleccion de cualquiera de los libros publicados a lo largo de su vida y la imagen que resultara al final, luego de cualquiera de las combinaciones que Rodamos ensayar, sera siempre la misma: un escritor --un artista-- obsesionado con Una idea valeriana de escritura.
La valeriana es el termino que comunmente se utiliza para definir las mas de 250 especies de plantas pertenecientes al genero Valerianaceae que existen en el mundo.