Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Trifolium: Trifolium pratense, Trifolium repens, red clover, Medicago
the clover genus of the legume family Fabaceae. They are plants of the greatest importance in high-producing pastures but can have disadvantages in some circumstances, e.g. they are common causes of bloat in cattle. Major syndromes include hyperestrogenism (T. alpestre, T. fragiferum, T. pratense, T. subterraneum), neonatal goiter due to low-level cyanide poisoning (T. repens), slobbers (T. pratense), putative hepatopathy with encephalopathy and photosensitizaion (T. hybridum), molybdenum poisoning (T. hybridum), obstructive urolithiasis (T. subterraneum).
Useful pasture plants are alpestrine clover (T. alpestre), alsike clover (T. hybridum), red clover (T. pratense), strawberry clover (T. fragiferum), white clover (T. repens).