Tragedy of the Commons


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A social dilemma regarding an individual’s responsibility to others; the tragedy of the commons derives from situations in which one player takes more than his/her share of a resource—the 'commons'—which means that all participants will suffer
References in periodicals archive ?
Garett Hardin, The Tragedy of the Commons, 162 SCI.
As Ostrom claims, models such as Hardin's tragedy of the commons are not inherently flawed--under certain circumstances, they lead to precisely the predictions they announce: "when individuals who have high discount rates and little mutual trust act independently, without the capacity to communicate, to enter into binding agreements, and to arrange for monitoring and enforcing mechanisms, they are not likely to choose jointly beneficial strategies" (Ostrom: 1990, p.
A narrower response to the tragedy of the commons argument is to show that there are a number of different types of common property, and that Hardin's tragedy potentially applies only to one of them.
The computer game as a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) provides a unique opportunity to experience the tragedy of the commons first hand.
We might call this avoiding the moral tragedy of the commons.
The tragedy of the commons occurs when lack of property rights leads to the unsustainable overuse of a resource, such as fish in the open sea or, perhaps, the passenger pigeon.
1981), "Resolving the Tragedy of the Commons by Creating Private Property Rights in Wildlife," Cato Journal 1(Fall): 439-68; http://www.
Tragedy of the anticommons is conventionally contrasted with the more familiar tragedy of the commons, in which multiple owners of a common-pool resource hold effective rights of use but not of exclusion, resulting in systematic resource over-utilization.
For most of the 20th century, the world's ocean fisheries provided a classic example of what Garrett Hardin famously called "the tragedy of the commons.
If the company were truly serious about being socially responsible, it would stop the mining of groundwater in Kala Dera because the company's selfish use of water - to generate profits for its shareholders - is leading to a tragedy of the commons, the complete destruction of the groundwater resources in Kala Dera," said Amit Srivastava of the India Resource Center, an international campaigning group.
First and foremost, there is the venerable example of the tragedy of the commons.
During the past forty-odd years the idea of the commons has taken a beating as well, thanks to a widely read essay (first published in Science in 1968) called "The Tragedy of the Commons.