retained surgical sponge

(redirected from Textiloma)

retained surgical sponge

A term of art referring to an intraoperative mistake discovered postoperatively, in which one or more surgical sponges, gauze pads or other form of textile is left behind in the operative field after closing the patient. Retained surgical sponges may become a nidus for infection, and are often grounds for malpractice lawsuits.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gossypiboma (which is also known as textiloma, cottonoid, and gauzeoma) is a mass formed by a retained surgical sponge surrounded by encapsulating reactive tissue.