It is associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, retinal artery macro aneurysm, trauma,1 age-related maculopathy, hematological disorders such as leukemia and chemotherapy induced pancytopenia, following laser in situ keratomileusis because of rapid release of the microkeratotome vacum pressure or after retinal vascular rupture associated with physical exertion (valsalva retinopathy), Terson's syndrome
, Purtscher's syndrome.
Terson's syndrome in subarachnoid hemorrhage and severe brain injury accompanied by acutely raised intracranial pressure.
Bilateral subretinal haemorrhage with Terson's syndrome.
Infrequently, sub-hyaloid (pre-retinal) haemorrhage with or without vitreous haemorrhage may occur, which is referred to as Terson's syndrome
base their opinion, retinal hemorrhages, has long been known to be associated with raised intracranial pressure from any cause, (4) as in Terson's syndrome
(5) and following vitamin C or vitamin K deficiency.