tartar

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tartar

 [tahr´ter]

tar·tar

(tar'tăr),
1. A crust on the interior of wine casks, consisting essentially of potassium bitartrate.
2. A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix. Synonym(s): dental calculus (2)
[Mediev. L. tartarum, ult. etym. unknown]

tartar

/tar·tar/ (tahr´ter) dental calculus.

tartar

(tär′tər)
n.
Dentistry A hard yellowish deposit on the teeth, consisting of organic secretions and food particles deposited in various salts, such as calcium carbonate. Also called calculus.

tartar

[tär′tär]
Etymology: Fr, tartre
1 See calculus, def 2.
2 any of several compounds containing tartrate, the salt of tartaric acid.

calculus

Dentistry
Indurated, yellow-brown/black deposits on teeth formed by bacteria in dental plaques from mineralised calcium salts in saliva and subgingival transudates. 

Kidneys
A stone in the urinary tract.

Pathology
An abnormal, often calcium-rich mass found in various tissues, seen by light microscopy.

tartar

Calculus Dentistry Hardened gray-white preplaque goo composed of hydroxyapatite, food bacteria, which adheres to teeth after a meal; tartar and plaque cause bone inflammation around teeth known as periodontia. See Caries.

tar·tar

(tahr'tăr)
1. A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of the teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix.
Synonym(s): dental calculus (2) .
2. A crust on the interior of wine casks, consisting essentially of potassium bitartrate.

tartar

See DENTAL CALCULUS.

Tartar

A hardened yellow or brown mineral deposit from unremoved plaque; also called calculus.
Mentioned in: Oral Hygiene

tar·tar

(tahr'tăr)
A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix.
Synonym(s): dental calculus (2) .

tartar,

tartar

1. the recrystallized sediment of wine casks; crude potassium bitartrate.
2. a yellowish film formed of calcium phosphate and carbonate, food particles, and other organic matter, deposited on the teeth by the saliva. See also dental calculus.

tartar emetic
antimony potassium tartrate; used at one time as an emetic and as a treatment for trypanosomiasis but is very poisonous and is no longer used as an animal medicine.
tartar scraper
manual or mechanical, handheld instruments used to scrape tartar (dental calculus) from the teeth of dogs. There is a variety of tips including triangle, hoe (right and left) and claw. They may be single or double ended.
References in periodicals archive ?
Erdoy-an said Turkey would stand in solidarity with the Crimean Tatars.
The peninsula of 2 million people is relying on emergency generators to meet its basic power needs, with pro-Ukrainian activists, including nationalist battalions and ethnic Tatars, preventing repairs.
The meeting took place on Saturday at Ankara Bilkent Hotel and Congress Center and focused on the dire conditions under which Crimean Tatars have to live in the face of encroaching Russian pressure on their cultural life.
Syllabic division in Tatar differs from the Russian one mainly by the fact, that in dissyllable and multisyllable words, the second and following syllables show a strong dislike for two consonants nearby in the beginning of combinations, for instance: [kosh/ta] "on the bird", [kis/ken] "cut".
As his power grew, Temujin overcame clan after clan, tribe after tribe--even the mighty Tatars.
In Kazan, they make up equal proportions of the community, with the majority of the political elite being Tatar.
Until now, work such as Abrams' has largely been ignored, says Tatar.
This effect can also be seen in the beautiful illustrations contained within the book: rather than use works by just one artist, Tatar includes numerous different ones, ranging from George Cruikshank's pencil drawings and Jennie Harbour's starkly striking silhouettes to Maxfield Parrish's pre-Raphaelite-style paintings and Kay Nielsen's exotic and slightly sinister Aubrey Beardsley-style pictures.
I have a clear memory of my own father reading me Grimm's fairy tales when I was about his age and I've drawn on those stories personally and professionally many times for, as Tatar describes the tales in her volume, these are "the stories that we all think we know--even when we are unable to tell them .
Lee Bourne and Christopher Cox targeted Pavel Tatar, after he told police he thought they may have broken into the home of one of his neighbours.
His personality seems elusive and changes quickly--now he is the favorite child showing off in front of the neighbors, now the Tatar warrior come down from the hills, now the great romantic hero swooping up hearts like a Valentino eagle .