Takayasu disease


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Ta·ka·ya·su ar·te·ri·tis

(tah-kah-yah'sū), [MIM*207600]
a progressive obliterative arteritis of unknown origin involving chronic inflammation of the aortic arch with fibrosis and marked luminal narrowing that affects the aorta and its branches, often with complete or near complete occlusion of segments of the aorta; more common in females.
See also: aortic arch syndrome.

Takayasu disease

A disease rare except in Japan that affects young women causing an inflammation and narrowing of the major arteries of the upper part of the body. There is headache, faintness, muscle wasting and defective vision from diminished blood supply. The pulses in the upper limb can hardly be felt. Corticosteroids may help but the outlook is poor. Also known as pulseless disease or the aortic arch syndrome. (Michishige Takayasu, 1860–1938, Japanese ophthalmologist).

Takayasu,

Michishige, Japanese ophthalmologist, 1860-1938.
Takayasu disease - Synonym(s): Takayasu pulseless disease
Takayasu pulseless disease - obliterative arteritis, primarily of the carotid and subclavian arteries. Synonym(s): Takayasu disease; Takayasu syndrome
Takayasu syndrome - Synonym(s): Takayasu pulseless disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Takayasu disease involves the coronary arteries in 15% of patients, typically at the ostia in the aorta or in the proximal portions, and myocardial involvement takes the form of myocardial infarction.
Generally, aneurysm of the coronary artery can be congenital or can be secondarily caused by atherosclerosis, inflammatory or infectious disease (Kawasaki disease, Takayasu disease, systemic lupus erythematosis or polyarteritis nodosa, endocarditis, syphilis), connective tissue diseases (Marfan's syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome), metastatic tumors, or blunt trauma to the chest.