Takayasu arteritis


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Ta·ka·ya·su ar·te·ri·tis

(tah-kah-yah'sū), [MIM*207600]
a progressive obliterative arteritis of unknown origin involving chronic inflammation of the aortic arch with fibrosis and marked luminal narrowing that affects the aorta and its branches, often with complete or near complete occlusion of segments of the aorta; more common in females.
See also: aortic arch syndrome.

Takayasu arteritis

or

Takayasu disease

(tăk′ə-yăs′o͞o, tä′kə-yä′so͞o)
n.
A progressive inflammatory disease that causes the arteries arising from the aortic arch to collapse, making it impossible to detect a pulse in the arms and neck, and resulting in a variety of symptoms associated with ischemia, such as temporary loss of consciousness and blindness.

Ta·ka·ya·su ar·te·ri·tis

(tah-kah-yah'sū ahr'tĕr-ī'tis)
A progressive obliterative arteritis of unknown origin involving fibrosis and luminal narrowing that affects the aorta and its branches; more common in females.
Synonym(s): aortic arch syndrome, Martorell syndrome, pulseless disease.

Takayasu arteritis

(ta?ka-ya'soo)
[Michishige Takayasu, Japanese physician, 1872–1938]
A rare vasculitis of the aorta and its branches, marked by inflammatory changes in the large arteries. Blood flow through those arteries is limited, esp. to the arms or head of affected persons. The disease, which is found most often in young women of Japanese descent, produces symptoms such as dizziness or arm claudication. Affected individuals usually have markedly reduced blood pressures or pulses in one or both arms.
Synonym: pulseless disease
References in periodicals archive ?
The role of mean platelet volume in patients with Takayasu arteritis [published online ahead of print June 20, 2016].
Takayasu arteritis and atherosclerosis: Illustrating the consequences of endothelial damage.
Takayasu arteritis is a chronic vasculitis with an unknown cause which frequently involves the aorta and its main branches.
Takayasu arteritis in Mexico: a 38-year clinical perspective through literature review.
The working group of experts updated the classification of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, Kawasaki disease, childhood polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener's granulomatosis, and Takayasu arteritis.
Wegener's granulomatosis and giant cell arteritis are extremely rare in India and Japan, but Takayasu arteritis is common.
Mycophenolate mofetil reduces disease activity and steroid dosage in Takayasu arteritis.