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arteritis[ahr″ter-i´tis] (pl. arteri´tides)
inflammation of an artery.
aortic arch arteritis pulseless disease.
brachiocephalic arteritis pulseless disease.
cranial arteritis temporal arteritis.
giant cell arteritis temporal arteritis.
hemolytic arteritis, microangiopathic pulseless disease.
arteritis obli´terans endarteritis obliterans.
rheumatic arteritis generalized inflammation of arterioles and arterial capillaries occurring in rheumatic fever.
Takayasu's arteritis pulseless disease.
temporal arteritis a chronic vascular disease of unknown origin, occurring in the elderly, characterized by severe headache, fever, and accumulation of giant cells in the walls of medium-sized arteries, especially the temporal arteries. Ocular involvement may cause visual impairment or blindness.
Etymology: Mikito Takayasu, Japanese surgeon, 1860-1938
an inflammation of the aorta, its major branches, and the pulmonary artery. It is characterized by progressive occlusion of the innominate, left subclavian, and left common carotid arteries above their origin in the aortic arch. Signs of the disorder are absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries, transient paraplegia, transient blindness, and atrophy of facial muscles. Also called brachiocephalic arteritis, Martorell's syndrome, pulseless disease, reversed coarctation. See also aortic arch syndrome.
Takayasu's arteritisPulseless disease Neurology Idiopathic segmental inflammation of the aorta and major branches, that affects young ♀, especially in Africa and Asia Lab ↑ ESR, ↑ Igs
arteritis(art?e-rit'is) [ arter(io)- + -itis]
Inflammation of an artery. arteritic (-rit'ik), adjective See: endarteritis
giant cell arteritisTemporal arteritis.
Widespread inflammation of adventitia of small and medium-sized arteries with impaired function of the involved organs. Synonym: periarteritis nodosa; polyarteritis nodosa
arteritis obliteransEndarteritis obliterans.
An obsolete term for inflammation of small arteries as a result of rheumatic fever.
Takayasu's arteritisSee: Takayasu's arteritis
A chronic inflammation of large arteries, usually the temporal, occipital, or ophthalmic arteries, identified on pathological specimens by the presence of giant cells. It causes thickening of the intima, with narrowing and eventual occlusion of the lumen. It typically occurs after age 50. Symptoms include headache, tenderness over the affected artery, loss of vision, and facial pain. The cause is unknown, but there may be a genetic predisposition in some families. Corticosteroids are usually administered.Synonym: giant cell arteritis