But over 400 years ago, Italian surgeon Gaspare Tagliacozzi
was reshaping the noses of soldiers who had been disfigured in battle.
The incredibly rare work, titled 'De Curtorum Chirurgia Per Insitionem' - meaning 'The Surgery of Defects by Implantations'- was published in 1597, and was written by Gaspare Tagliacozzi
, professor or surgery and anatomy at the University of Bologna.
One of the earliest surgeons to practice plastic surgery in Europe was the Italian Gaspar Tagliacozzi
Complex nasal reconstruction can be traced back to the works of the ancient Indian surgeon Susruta and to Tagliacozzi
during the Renaissance.
Though the procedure developed by Gaspare Tagliacozzi
(1545-99) to repair the nose (known as a pedicle flap graft in which skin from the bicep was attached to the space where the nose had been) was remarkably lost to history in the following century, Gilman chooses to commence his vast history here because Tagliacozzi
was apparently the first to articulate the relationship between physical appearance and psychological happiness.
The cornerstone of modern plastic surgery was laid by Gaspare Tagliacozzi
in the late 1500s.